n African Entomology - A revision of the Afrotropical species of Hersiliola Thorell and Tama Simon with the description of a new genus Tyrotama (Araneae : Hersiliidae)
|Article Title||A revision of the Afrotropical species of Hersiliola Thorell and Tama Simon with the description of a new genus Tyrotama (Araneae : Hersiliidae)|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Author||S.H. Foord and A.S. Dippenaar-Schoeman|
|Publication Date||Sep 2005|
|Pages||255 - 279|
|Keyword(s)||Afrotropical region, Araneae, Hersiliidae, Hersiliola, Key, New genus, Tama and Tyrotama|
The genera Hersiliola Thorell and Tama Simon, two ground-dwelling spider genera in the family Hersiliidae of the Afrotropical Region, are revised. Hersiliola now includes three species ;H. macullulata Thorell, 1870, H. simoni (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) and H. versicolor Blackwall, 1865, which are redescribed. Hersiliola fragilis Lawrence, 1928, and H. australis (Simon, 1893) both known from southern Africa are transferred to a new genus, Tyrotama. Three Tama species, T. arida Smithers, 1945, T. bicava Smithers, 1945, and T. incerta, Tucker, 1920, are transferred to Tyrotama gen. n. Tama obscura Smithers, 1945, is synonymized with T. arida. The males of T. arida and T. bicava are described for the first time. Three Tyrotama species, T. abyssus, T. soutpansbergensis and T. taris, are described as new. A key to the six species of Tyrotama gen. n. is provided. Tama is monotypic and only contains Tama edwardsi Lucas, 1846. Only females are known for H. versicolor, T. incerta, T abyssus and T. taris.
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