n African Entomology - The life history of (Klug, 1835) (Coleoptera : Chrysomelidae : Cassidinae)

Volume 15, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1021-3589



is a common and widespread African cassidine species. The larvae and the beetle life cycle are described. It is currently known to reproduce on three host plants of the Convolvulaceae, and . In captivity the total life cycle lasts 37-42 days. The species has three generations per year in coastal KwaZulu-Natal, during summer and autumn. The adult and larval feeding patterns, as well as the few known parasitoids and predators, are discussed. Older instars forcefully eject faecal material, a new report for this family.

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