n African Entomology - The puparium of an species (Diptera: Odiniidae) from South Africa, with a review of the known immature stages of Odiniidae and notes on biology and functional morphology

Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1021-3589



The morphology of the puparium of a species of near Cogan, is described and illustrated using both light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The specimens reared from 'gum' in galleries of Hayne (Fabaceae) in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. This represents the first description of the immature stages of an Afrotropical species of Odiniidae, the first using SEM techniques, and the first record of an association with . Biology is discussed, with the minimum period of larval development determined as 39 - 46 days and the puparial stage as 17 - 22 days. The immature stages of 12 species of Odiniidae are known and these are reviewed. The puparium of is most similar to that of the genus Robineau-Desvoidy, supporting the inclusion of Afrodinia in the Odiniinae. Functional morphology of the hooked spinules on the ventral creeping welts and development of subanal pads on the anal division of the larva are discussed. It is suggested that these structures aid both anchorage and mobility of larvae within the smoothly bored tunnels in which they largely reside. There is an apparent correlation between the greater size of subanal pads and a reduction in the size and extent of spinules on creeping welts.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error