n African Entomology - : a new relict forest-endemic Canthonini dung beetle genus from the Western Cape Province of South Africa (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) : short communication

Volume 18, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1021-3589



At a global scale, the ancient dung beetle tribe Canthonini (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) displays a mainly Gondwanan distribution, with most African genera having very restricted ranges (Davis 2008; Deschodt & Scholtz 2008). As currently defined, the African Canthonini comprises 24 genera and about 100 described species (see Deschodt & Scholtz (2008) for a key to the African genera). However, preliminary molecular and morphology-based phylogenetic analyses of the Scarabaeinae indicate that the tribe consists of multiple paraphyletic lineages (Philips 2004; Monaghan 2007) and that generic inclusion should be reconsidered. Most of the 22 African genera currently placed in the Canthonini are species-poor and nine are currently monotypic. A large proportion of the African genera (14) are restricted to the isolated montane or coastal forest patches from Kenya to the Cape Peninsula of South Africa (Scholtz & Howden 1987; Deschodt & Scholtz 2008). The South African forest-associated Canthonini currently include the genera Paulian, Scholtz & Howden, Lansberge, Scholtz & Howden, Scholtz & Howden and the recently described Deschodt & Scholtz, Deschodt & Scholtz, Deschodt & Scholtz and Deschodt & Scholtz (Scholtz & Howden 1987; Deschodt & Scholtz 2008). With the exception of (Davis 2001), these are all endemic to South Africa.

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