n African Entomology - The role of entomopathogenic nematodes as biological control agents of insect pests, with emphasis on the history of their mass culturing and production : review article

Volume 22, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1021-3589



Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) have been identified as being promising biological control agents of key insect pests. The two EPN genera that have shown potential for use as biological control agents within an integrated pest management programme are and . Large numbers of EPNs can be produced through either or culturing practices. Commercialization and the successful use of EPNs to control pests in North America, Australia, Europe and Asia have confirmed the effectiveness of these organisms as biological control agents. Two endemic EPN isolates to South Africa, (SF41) and (SF351) have been shown to be effective control agents of codling moth, , false codling moth, , obscure mealybug, , and the banded fruit weevil, . Unfortunately, EPNs in large enough numbers for commercial field applications are not yet available on the South African market.

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