n African Entomology - The territorial invasion of in Africa : short communication

Volume 22, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1021-3589



took an inadvertent leap onto the African continent and was detected in Khartoum, Sudan, for the first time in 1985 (Lord & Nagi 1987; Mogga & Ruttner 1988). The occurrence of these bees in Africa is very likely global transportation. Since then, has been gradually expanding its territory to the whole of Sudan (Moritz 2010) and to neighbouring countries. Moreover, in Asia has been steadily expanding westwards, and it is now well established in the Middle East (Hepburn 2005; Haddad 2009).

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