n African Entomology - Postharvest phytosanitary disinfestation of Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus fruit: validation of an ionising radiation and cold combination treatment
|Article Title||Postharvest phytosanitary disinfestation of Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus fruit: validation of an ionising radiation and cold combination treatment|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Affiliations||1 Citrus Research International, 2 Citrus Research International, 3 Stellenbosch University and 4 iThemba Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences|
|Publication Date||Jan 2016|
|Pages||217 - 224|
|Keyword(s)||False codling moth, Irradiation, Low temperature and Ratification|
To overcome constraints on ionising radiation and cold treatment as stand-alone disinfestation treatments for Thaumatotibia leucotreta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in citrus fruit, the efficacy of a combination treatment consisting of ionising radiation and cold, both at reduced doses, was tested at the probit-9 level. Earlier research indicated that combination treatments involving ionising radiation and cold suppressed larvae and their successive development stages more effectively than the individual treatments. The probit-9 level efficacy (at least 93 613 insects) of a treatment combination comprising 60 Gy of ionising radiation followed by cold exposure for 16 days at 2.5 °C was evaluated. A total of 104 617 mature, fifth instars was treated. Larval mortality was 99.7% and 50.2% of the subsequent pupae died. A total of 143 moths with a sex ratio of one female to 7.9 males eclosed. Only 4.8% of the moths were able to fly. No eggs were produced by the moths in mating studies. The probit-9 level efficacy of the combination treatment was validated, indicating that it meets the efficacy requirements for utilisation as a phytosanitary disinfestation treatment for T. leucotreta in citrus fruit in international trade.
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