oa African Entomology - Natural enemies of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Togo and Cote d'lvoire, and other insects associated with coffee beans
|Article Title||Natural enemies of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Togo and Cote d'lvoire, and other insects associated with coffee beans|
|© Publisher:||Entomological Society of South Africa (ESSA)|
|Affiliations||1 *European Biological Control Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montferrier-sur-Lez **El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Tapachula|
|Publication Date||Jan 1999|
|Pages||243 - 248|
|Keyword(s)||Biological control, Coffee, Coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei, Parasitoids, Pathogens and Scolytidae|
A search for natural enemies of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari), was conducted in Togo and Cote d'Ivoire. Several strains of the fungal entomopathogens Paecilomyces farinosus (Holm ex SF Gray) Brown & Smith and Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin were found in each country. This is the first report of P. farinosus infecting coffee berry boret Leptophloeus sp. near punctatus (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae) was observed preying on coffee berry borer larvae for the first time. Cephalonomia stephanoderis Betrem (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae) was the most abundant coffee berry borer parasitoid found in Cote d'Ivoire followed by Phymastiehus coffea LaSalle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Both species also occur in Togo, although in very low numbers, together with another parasitoid, Prorops nasuta Waterston (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae). Other insects emerging from coffee beans are also reported.
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