oa African Entomology - Changes in the morphology of the larval mandibles of African armyworm, Spodoptera exempta (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)



As the larvae of African armyworm develop, the morphology of their mandibles alters dramatically, reflecting changes in their feeding habits from scraping the surface of leaves to the typical and damaging cutting of the leaves and stems of their food plants.


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