n Ekklesiastikos Pharos - Theodicy and apocalyptic eschatology in 4 Ezra

Volume 89, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1018-9556



Understanding and explaining the problem of evil and death in this world remains a crucial and difficult theological issue. It is called a theodicy which can be defined in a rational (Eichrodt) or a social-religious (Berger) way. The answers lie on a rational-irrational continuum. Selected moments from Old Testament theodicy provide a comparable framework to evaluate 4 Ezra. The answers of God through the angel Uriel on the problem of evil and misfortune of the righteous during the recent age have lead Ezra to come to new insights concerning theodicy.

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