n Ekklesiastikos Pharos - Eleazar - the honor of death
Eleazar's death with the perspective of honor and shame

Volume 93, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1018-9556



Martyrdom has become 'n focal point in recent decades. Although many aspects of martyrdom have been studied, the aspect of honor and shame is yet to be fully explored. This article aims to take a fresh look at martyrdom, especially that of Eleazar in 2 Maccabees 6:18-31. To do so, the cultural-anthropological approach of Malina is used. Further, the relation between honor and reward is also explored. The death of Eleazar is judged within the boundaries of "honor and shame", "pure and impure" and "holy and profane". The patron-client relationship between God en Eleasar is also considered. In so doing, the article points out how the death of this Jewish scribe could be considered "honorable" in spite of all the dishonorable things that were part of his execution. It also points out how Eleazar's death stands as a testament of his honor against those of his executioners. Looking at the death of Eleazar from an honor-shame perspective has proven to help in the understanding of martyrdom in the past, and perhaps even in the present.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error