Ekklesiastikos Pharos - Volume 93, Issue 1, 2011
Volume 93, Issue 1, 2011
"Σαν δέσμη από τριαντάφυλλα..." : Μια ερμηνευτική προσέγγιση στην ποίηση του Κώστα Καρυωτάκη (1896-1928)Source: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 277 –287 (2011)More Less
By an intratextual analysis of K. Kariotakis' poem "Σαν δέσμη από τριαντάφυλλα..." (Like a bunch of roses ...) and an intertextual comparative approach, this article identifies and interprets certain "instances" of optimism in the concepts of the Greek poet. The positive view point expressed in this poem contradicts the feelings of sadness and despair of the decadence movement, to which the poet belongs by definition. It also illustrates the influences of traditional formalism and aestheticism. The integration of these influences thus defines Kariotakis as a transitional poet (ποιητής του μεταιχμιου) between the two literary movements in Greece.
Author B.A. ZuiddamSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 288 –308 (2011)More Less
Irenaeus' (c.135-202) five books Adversus Haereses (Against the Heresies) give evidence of a mature and circumscribed concept of Scripture. From an analysis of relevant passages, using a philological method, this article demonstrates that Irenaeus suggested to his readers that:
1) The Scriptures are divine oracles of God, revealed from heaven.
2) The Scriptures are without lies, expressive of God's truth, and may consequently be used as proof to establish religious views.
3) Old and New Testament Scripture find their unity in their joint origin in the Creator God, and in effectively serving as Words of Christ.
Author J.L.P. WolmaransSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 309 –316 (2011)More Less
The Babylonian Captivity of the 6th century BCE created a theological problem for the Jews.They believed that God elected them Jews as God's own, and, should they remain true to the Torah, God would reward them. This problems was addressed by interpreting the exile as punishment for idolatry. However, when the pious were persecuted by Antiochus IV Epiphanes in the 2nd century BCE, and Christians persecuted by Nero in 64-68 CE, the theodicy question came to the fore: how could a just God allow pious people to be murdered and disenfranchised? This question was answered by interpreting time in a linear fashion. A series of historical periods were posited, predetermine by God, and ruled over by evil people or forces. This article argues that the origin of this view of time came from Hesiod. The notion of a bodily resurrection also needed to be individualised in order to motivate people to remain true to their faith. This idea appears for the first time in Jewish literature in 2 Maccabees.
Source: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 317 –333 (2011)More Less
The school manuals for the Greek language course of Greek Primary schools during the 2nd half of the 20th century were the subject of intense political interest. The use of one politically approved school manual, written for and ordered by the Government, indicates the wish of controlling the educational system. It can thus be supported that the language course rather constituted a course of political and social education, reflecting the existing state ideology of each period. The present paper attempts to detect the idea of state and political institutions within the language handbooks for the two last grades of primary schools since 1954 and its evolution during the post-dictatorship period.
Source: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 334 –347 (2011)More Less
Revelation 1:7 needs special attention, since the verse can be regarded as an exegetical key verse in the entire book of Revelation. The intertextuality, intratextuality and a Christotelic reading of Revelation 1:7 prove that the verse should be interpreted within the framework of the preteristic view. Christ, the pierced one, who was inflicted by the inhabitants of the γή, will come as the judge against the apostate Jews. When the Jews realized the judgment executed by the vindicating Lord, they were too late to repent. For the realization of the universal messianic kingdom, the end of the old Jewish age in 70 AD was one of its prerequisites.
Author Christo LombaardSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 348 –356 (2011)More Less
Genesis 22:1-19 has through its narrative content and the history of its exegesis proven to be a contentious text. Most satisfactory have been interpretations of this text in historical mode. These kinds of interpretations however do best at probing "what the text meant", and are generally less forthcoming on "what the text means". Balancing these concerns is brought into focus again in the new discipline of Biblical Spirituality: the meaning(s) that underlie a text and what latter-day interpretations (are to) make of that text are important in recently proposed models of Biblical Spirituality. Precisely how robust these models are at attaining such balance has however not been tested in exegetical-hermeneutical mode. This contribution seeks to move in this direction, as a first exploratory step, by summarising the historical interpretations of Genesis 22 and placing them in dialogue with proposed models of Biblical Spirituality.
Author A. NicolaidesSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 357 –368 (2011)More Less
Multilingualism is investigated from a biblical perspective. Language as such, is viewed as a tool unifying peoples as well as a means by which diversity is demonstrated and it is also very often an instrument which sows division. A fundamental feature of language is its great diversity. Each and every language varies depending on the traits of the speaker, the recipient of the message uttered and the circumstances within which the communication takes place. Secular linguists are baffled by the reality of about twenty language families in the current world. The languages within each family as well as their speakers are genetically related, but there are very few genetic links observed between language families. The book of Genesis written by Moses, provides a plausible explanation of how new languages developed and it is a narrative dealing with "beginnings". The desire of man to usurp the role of God was intolerable to God and resulted in the confounding of tongues, but at Pentecost, man was once again spiritually empowered through the Holy Spirit and tongues were no longer dividers of people but rather evidence of the empowerment of the nation of God.
Author Andrea DoyleSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 369 –378 (2011)More Less
This article forms part of a greater study which looks at the relationship between women and cloth in Classical Myth. Cloth as substance is poised between the realm of domesticity and family life and the realm of the arcane and the magical. Cloth as metaphor evokes feminine virtue, industry and fidelity as well as incantation, spellbinding, and entrapment. The metaphor of weaving or spinning is closely connected with plotting, poetry the art of generating narratives as textile becomes synonymous with text. This paper examines the motif of cloth and the motives behind its production and preparation in the story of Deianeira and the death of Heracles in Sophocles' Women of Trachis.
Η αναγκαιότητα ενίσχυσης και γενίκευσης του θεσμού της Δια Βίου Εκπαίδευσης : documents, discussions, notices & reviewsAuthor K. PapoutsakisSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 381 –392 (2011)More Less
Life-long education is a fact today. It provides useful information - knowledge and dexterities, as well as being easily accessible and flexible; all the aforementioned offer a continual procedure of knowledge enhancement to the learner. Furthermore, it constitutes a fair distribution of educational materials amongst all groups of society. Thus, it is intended for all people regardless of their educational status, assuring collaboration and equality amongst each other. The contemporary educational system is adaptable to the individual's, which as a system has been called upon to prepare the future citizens to live in a society of constant updating of knowledge, and guaranteeing equivalent and adequate participation from everyone forming the society of information.
Believers, friends of the poor - from the Orthodox Christian point of view : documents, discussions, notices & reviewsAuthor Seraphim KykkotisSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 393 –401 (2011)More Less
Author Photeine PerraSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 402 –403 (2011)More Less
The Latin Renovatio of Byzantium. The Empire of Constantinople (1204-1228), F. Van Tricht : book reviewAuthor Thekla Sansaridou-HendrickxSource: Ekklesiastikos Pharos 93, pp 404 –405 (2011)More Less
In this book, based on his Ph.D. dissertation, F. Van Tricht has tried to 'remediate' the negative image which the Latin Empire of Constantinople has in general received and to 'correct' the 'biased image of the Latin Empire', which - he writes - was evident in 'the more recent monographs on the neighbouring Byzantine principalities of the Latin Empire'.