n Ekklesiastikos Pharos - The 144,000 undefiled "Levites" of Revelation 14:1-5 and the link to the defiled watchers of 1 Enoch 1-36 : research article

Volume 94, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1018-9556



The myth of the fallen angels in the apocalyptic book of 1 Enoch 1-36 has recently received excellent scholarly attention. Our concern is the theological message of the book and the possible application to John's Apocalypse in his description of the 144,000 in Revelations 14:4 as: (NRSV). As Olson uniquely argues: (1997:493). Explained further, John probably seems to be applying this metaphor as an allusion to the fallen angels of 1 Enoch 1-36, with the intent of forming an anti-image for his readers. In his apparent alluding to the myth, it would seem that John is drawing an application from the story of the fallen angels for his readers. This view has to be theologically and exegetically proven. The study further suggests that, not only is there an allusion to the Fallen Watchers of 1 Enoch - which forms an anti-image to the 144,000 virgins; but the theological applicable message of 1 Enoch 1-36 point to the Old Testament Levitical System and more specifically, the 'doctrine of substitution', thus enabling the reader with clues to identify the 144,000 and to determine their function.

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