n Ekklesiastikos Pharos - The Phoenicians and the dangers inherent to sailing on the Mediterranean Sea in antiquity : research article




The expression 'Pillars of Hercules', as well as 'Scylla and Charybdis' were used by some authors to indicate unworldly, mythological places. Did those waterways really exist or were they just part of the imagination of Homer, the Greek poet? In Greek mythology these sea straits were described as very dangerous. This study investigates the Phoenician trade routes in the Mediterranean and the sort of difficulties they possibly encountered as seafarers. Phoenician shipwrecks found off the coast near Ashkelon and Spain (and other shipwrecks in the Mediterranean) as well as satellite images of the sea straits provide valuable information.


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