oa ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa - The practical implications of the Social Assistance Amendment Bill 2010 for persons with disabilities : legislative and policy reform
Arguably one of the most important rights in the Bill of Rights of the South African Constitution is the right to equality. Section 9 of the Constitution provides that 'everyone is equal before the law, and deserves equal protection of the law'. In addition to the right to equality, numerous other rights have been identified as playing a major role in protecting the quality of life of South African citizens and residents. These rights are socioeconomic rights and include the right to housing, water, basic health care, access to social security, and life (see Khoza and others v Minister of Social Development and others 2004 (6) SA 504 (CC) for the inclusion of permanent residents in the scope of application of socio-economic rights in South Africa). According to Strydom (2006: 247), the right to equality is the guarantee to all citizens and permanent residents of South Africa that they may enjoy the socio-economic rights enshrined in the Constitution equally.
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