oa ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa - How effective is gender mainstreaming at the national level? A comparative study of Nigeria and South Africa : feature
The notion of gender mainstreaming gained international attention during the 1990s, particularly after deliberations at the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo 1994 and at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995. Significant attention was given at these conferences to issues affecting women's health, economic development and wellbeing. In particular, the international community agreed at Beijing to mainstream gender in all activities and programmes of governments. This is more or less a reinforcement of the provisions of the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which came into force in 1981. The Convention urges states to take adequate measures with a view to addressing cultural and religious practices that perpetuate the subordination of women and deny them the enjoyment of their fundamental rights and freedoms.
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