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- Volume 15, Issue 3, 2014
ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa - Volume 15, Issue 3, 2014
Volume 15, Issue 3, 2014
Author Ngcimezile Mbano-MwesoSource: ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa 15, pp 3 –6 (2014)More Less
The global community is united in its commitment to remove the scourge of world poverty. One core factor to achieve this is access to water from which poor people, especially women, draw multiple benefits.
Such benefits include enhanced livelihood security, generation of wealth, reduced health risks and vulnerability (Poverty Environment Partnership 2006). On another front lack of access to water is both a cause and consequence of poverty and inequality. It undermines productivity and economic growth, reinforcing the deep inequalities that characterise current patterns of globalisation and trapping vulnerable households in cycles of poverty (Human Development Report 2006). In order to reduce poverty, therefore, serious consideration needs to be given to guaranteeing access to water that goes beyond domestic uses. Productive uses of water at the household level that comprise mainly small-scale activities, including growing food and earning an income, would significantly impact the living standards of many people. Such uses of water include fruit and vegetable gardening, keeping livestock and brewing beer.
Universality of the right to the highest attainable standard of health; but whose responsibility? The Ebola crisis in Africa : featureAuthor Amahirwe DenyseSource: ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa 15, pp 6 –10 (2014)More Less
Four decades after the discovery of Ebola, the highest outbreak in history is currently under way and has caused the death of 2 296 people in nine months (WHO Ebola Response Team, 2014:1). Ebola is the deadliest disease: fatality rates are up to 90% (WHO fact sheet no. 103).
The current outbreak in West Africa is a serious test of the capacity of the affected states and the international community to guarantee the right to the highest attainable standard of health to the most affected population. The responsiveness of the affected states and the international community to the current Ebola outbreak is the topic of this paper. It revisits the states' obligations under international law to guarantee the right to health in the context of epidemics and diseases. Then, drawing on the reports of health organisations, affected states and the media, it assesses the interventions made by the states and the international community in line with their obligations to realise the right to health. Lastly, it calls for the rethinking of global cooperation in order to prevent such a loss of life from occurring again.
Source: ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa 15, pp 11 –12 (2014)More Less
Source: ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa 15 (2014)More Less
The annual report by the Special Rapporteur on the right to water and sanitation, Catarina de Albuquerque, focuses on the right to participation in the context of realising the human rights to water and sanitation. She states that during the course of her mandate she has witnessed the benefit of 'authentic' participation in water provisioning leading to sustainable results. She notes, however, that participation remains a mere façade that pays no attention to power relationships, including entrenched hierarchies, patriarchal structures and mechanisms of exclusion, and that perpetuates or reinforces inequalities. For participation to be empowering it must be implemented within a framework that guarantees democracy, autonomy, agency and human dignity.
Regional sensitisation seminar - promotion of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights for the SADC region : eventsSource: ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa 15 (2014)More Less