oa ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa - Right to participation in the context of realising the human right to water - UN report : updates

Volume 15, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1684-260X



The annual report by the Special Rapporteur on the right to water and sanitation, Catarina de Albuquerque, focuses on the right to participation in the context of realising the human rights to water and sanitation. She states that during the course of her mandate she has witnessed the benefit of 'authentic' participation in water provisioning leading to sustainable results. She notes, however, that participation remains a mere façade that pays no attention to power relationships, including entrenched hierarchies, patriarchal structures and mechanisms of exclusion, and that perpetuates or reinforces inequalities. For participation to be empowering it must be implemented within a framework that guarantees democracy, autonomy, agency and human dignity.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error