oa ESR Review : Economic and Social Rights in South Africa - Addressing the social security needs of the self-employed in South Africa : prospects and challenges : feature



Self-employed people in South Africa are generally excluded from the country's social security system. The reasons for the exclusion are diverse. Chief among them is the fact that access to most social insurance schemes (eg unemployment insurance) is often dependent on the existence of an employer-employee relationship. In other words, one needs to be an ""employee"" as defined in the labour laws of the country. Furthermore, the current social assistance scheme guarantees access to its benefits only to certain categories of people (eg the aged and people with disabilities) who comply with certain predetermined conditions (eg a means test).


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