Our existing Co-operative Act came into operation a little over ten years ago. While not the latest, it can rightly be claimed to be one of the most modern and in the opinion of experts, one of the most comprehensive co-operative measures existent to-day.
In the Ninth and Tenth Reports of the Director of Veterinary Education and Research (1924), an article by Dr. P.J. du Toit appeared under the title ""Sheep Scab: The infectivity of kraals"". The experiments recorded in that article seemed to prove conclusively that a kraal grossly infected with scab parasites (Psoroptes ovis), if kept free of sheep for a period of seventeen days, will not infect clean sheep.
The degree of erosion of cultivated lands that takes place is not generally realized. Heavy rains often cause small furrows or gullies these are unsightly, but he soon forgets about them after they have apparently been obliterated by ploughing and harrowing.
Field sorrel is a perennial weed, growing from 9 to 15 inches high. It produces an erect stem with horizontal creeping rootstocks (rhizomes). The leaves are arrow-shaped, those at the base having long stems, while those on the stalk are generally shorter stemmed and more fleshy.
In view of the periodical heavy supplies of fresh fruit and vegetables resulting in a severe drop in market prices during certain seasons, growers are naturally inclined to consider the possibility of overcoming the ill-effects of a temporary glut on the markets, by the preservation of their perishable products during such periods.
In every country trees and forests are looked upon as being so much potential wealth. In the near future South Africa, too, will have millions of trees that have reached full maturity, and we shall have to be ready to cope efficiently with this vast mass of valuable raw material.
The application of spray materials for the control of various fungous and bacterial diseases and of insect pests in orchards is of special inportance during seasons with climatic conditions conducive to these diseases or pests.
Though it is contended that cheesemaking is too complicated a process for the general farmer and should be left to the cheese factories, who have the necessary capital, buildings and trained men able to make a satisfactory ano uniform product, there are, however farmers who are too far away from butter or cheese factories to be able to send their raw material to them.