Farmer’s Weekly - Volume 2016, Issue 16020, 2016
Volume 2016, Issue 16020, 2016
Author Denene ErasmusSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The planet's human population is growing at an alarmingly rapid pace, and nobody knows this better than farmers. Producers of food are constantly reminded that they need to increase production by 70% to cater for the 2,3 billion more people who will be living on Earth by 2050 (when the total population will reach 9,6 billion people), and their growing demand for animal protein.
Author John HanksSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 6 –8 (2016)More Less
Africa's human population is growing at a rapid pace, and the continent's resources are finite. Enhancing and conserving Africa's biodiversity is the only way to ensure its people's continued survival. Global population growth is threatening human existence, but it is a subject that NGOs appear unwilling to take on. In its 2014 Living Planet Report, the World Wide Fund for Nature spoke of the threat of massive land degradation, but gave inadequate attention to the issue of population growth. The 2015 UN Climate Change Conference in Paris did not raise population growth as a major concern. This is despite the enormous growth of cities, particularly in Africa, resulting in accelerating atmospheric pollution and with concerns being raised about where the food will be sourced to feed the people in these cities. A 2014 paper by Prof Malcolm Potts of the University of California's School of Public Health, titled 'Getting family planning and population back on track' stated that"virtually all biologists and climatologists, along with an increasing number of sensible economists, would agree that a world with 6,8 billion people in the year 2100 would be more likely to be biologically sustainable, healthier, more educated, and less violent than one with 16,6 billion". Africa's human population has tripled in the last 40 years to 1,17 billion in 2015.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 14 –24 (2016)More Less
Aggressive fly threatens fruit production
Mohair gains on the back of quality
SA's & Lesotho's great water project
Amendments to SASSI listings give green light for kingklip
Milk oversupply causes drop in dairy prices
Exports allowed despite bird flu outbreak
Nation in Conversation discusses the politics of food
BEE in agriculture is a complex process - Philip Retief
Nampo Harvest Day off to a brisk start
Approved Expropriation Bill: Agri SA still worried
Chinese blamed for rise in poaching incidents
Drought could spark 'severe' wildfire season
Drought undermines SA's timber production growth
FSA to grow SA's forestry sector in 2016
PASA considering fossil energy exploration scoping report comments
Opposition to lion hunting could spill over to buffalo hunting
Dam levels remain relatively stable
Western Cape drone pilots licensed
Wining and dining with La Motte
Congratulations to ARC achievers
Author Cindy HunlunSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 30 –31 (2016)More Less
New research has shown that not all orange juice available at South African retail outlets is equally healthy. It depends on the region from which the oranges originate, additives, the variety, and whether the juice was freshly squeezed or made from a concentrate. This is according to Dr Cindy Hunlun, who undertook the first study of its kind in South Africa on the chemical composition and nutritional value of locally produced orange juice. She received a doctorate in Food Science on this subject from Stellenbosch University in March.
Author Koos CoetzeeSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The breeding of scarce and trophy game, with its scarily high prices, has come in for criticism amid predictions that the bubble will soon burst. Whether this will indeed happen is uncertain. However, there are danger signals that prospective investors in game or any other type of project should heed. These are usually present whenever any enterprise seems too good to be true.
Author Peter O'halloranSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
What happens if an agreement for the sale of property is taxed in one year, but the sale is later cancelled and the property is returned, with loss of some of the assessed gain? Is capital gains tax (CGT) paid in the year when the deal was done, or is it recalculated? This was more or less the thrust of the questions posed before the Western Cape High Court in the matter of New Adventure Shelf 122 (Pty) Ltd v The Commissioner SARS (case number 7007/2015). A certain valuable property was sold in an agreement that provided for ownership to pass in the 2007 tax year. However, the purchaser, who intended developing the property, was to make payments over the term of the contract. The CGT was paid in 2007 and was, quite correctly, a considerable sum.
Author Nicol Du toitSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The hot water cylinder (geyser) is often fingered as the largest consumer of energy in a home. The Eskom website claims that it is responsible for as much as 60% of monthly consumption. However, there is a readily available alternative to the hot water cylinder: the heat pump. A heat pump works on the principle of reverse cycle heating. Think of an air conditioner as a device that removes heat from a room, and rejects this heat outside. A heat pump does exactly the opposite: it removes heat from the outside and rejects it into the water. And because the heating is achieved through a refrigeration process rather than electrical resistance,it is more efficient. The coefficient of performance (COP) for a hot water cylinder is 1, whereas the COP for a heat pump is around 3. This means that there are 3kW of heating for every 1kW of cooling. A heat pump should be installed in a well-ventilated area, and the piping should be well insulated. Beware of fly-by-night suppliers; rather spend a bit more on purchasing a product from a reputable supplier.
Author Deon Van ZylSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 40 –41 (2016)More Less
Navigating the fresh produce markets can be a daunting task for any farmer, especially if you have little experience of the formal market structure. In this article, Deon van Zyl of the RSA Group demystifies the process, offering practical advice on how to choose a market agent, find the right market for your produce, transport your goods, and much else.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 46 –49 (2016)More Less
Jacques van der Westhuizen runs a 22 000ha hunting concession for Exxaro Resources on its Manketti Game Reserve in Limpopo. The concession, Jaquandi Safaris, attracts both international trophy hunters and local biltong hunters, and operates on the premise that hunting supports conservation. The mandate of the game reserve, which is near Lephalale, is to manage the land unimpacted by mining operations around the company's Grootgeluk mine. This is achieved through the application of best land-use practices that are beneficial to the company. "At Manketti, best land-use practices means conservation," says Marius Fuls, manager of the game reserve, who works hand-in-hand with Jacques to determine hunting quotas.
Author Wayne SouthwoodSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 50 –52 (2016)More Less
Many farmers have tried intensive year-round lambing and given up after a year or so due to the extra work needed at specific times during the breeding programme. Now Dr Karin and Manie Wessels of the Mamre Dormer Stud in the Vrede district have developed a simple but highly effective system for the numerous tasks that farmers have to perform in such an enterprise. Karin started the project as a hobby in 2010 and spent two years struggling on her own. She realised why so many other farmers had said that intensive sheep farming was unsustainable. She was at the point of giving up when husband Manie, a project manager, stepped in and helped her implement a proper sheep management system.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 56 –59 (2016)More Less
On their 3 000ha farm between Warden and Harrismith in the Free State, David Leslie and his son James grow approximately 700ha potatoes, 600ha maize, 600ha speckled sugar beans and 600ha soya beans under the name Sesisonke. The entire operation is run under conservation agriculture practices, a move the Leslies made about eight years ago, after soil samples yielded puzzling results. "When we broke up virgin soil adjoining a land we had often used before, samples showed that the old soil had sufficient levels of all nutrients, whereas the new soil was deficient in everything," David recalls. "Yet the crop planted in the new soil performed better than the crop in the old soil - despite the supposed deficiency. We didn't know what was going on." At roughly the same time, David had asked an agronomist to classify a piece of land that he wanted to acquire. This land's soil quality was extremely poor, with virtually no humus content.
Author Bill KerrSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
My interest in integrated pest management (IPM) was sparked many years ago when carrying out brassica trials. The trials were already complete at that stage, so I told my son to use the produce to feed his rabbits and guinea pigs - and to do it soon, as diamondback moths (Plutella xylostella) had gained a foothold on the land. Occupied with other things, I neglected to check up on the crop. When I did, I found the caterpillars had all but gone and a number of minute Cortesia wasps were 'scanning' the leaves. I also noticed small, brilliant-white cocoons on the leaves. These were very different to the longer, greenish cocoons of the diamondback.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Ask any market agent what the toughest aspect is about dealing with farmers, and the reply will probably be : "Criticising their products." They joke that a farmer's produce is always' export grade' while still on the farm. It's only when it reaches the market that it suddenly becomes a lower grade. There are market agents who have lost a farmer to another agency because they dared criticise that farmer's produce.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The 2016 Royal Show will play host to an extensive line-up of mainstream livestock competitions and exhibitions, as well as a variety of less common animal breeds and species that will be of interest to both fanciers and the general public. All can be viewed and enjoyed at the show's premises in Pietermaritzburg, KZN, from 27 May to 5 June.