Farmer’s Weekly - Volume 2016, Issue 16028, 2016
Volume 2016, Issue 16028, 2016
Author Denene ErasmusSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
At some point, even the greatest tragedies become old news and a protracted crisis loses its punch. I fear that we have reached that point with the terrible drought that is affecting so many farmers in Southern Africa. There is nothing new to report and the devastation has been neatly summarised in widely reported facts and figures. But on a recent visit to a farm in northern KwaZulu- Natal, I was again reminded of the aching reality of the drought. Perennially green valleys have turned bleak from lack of rain and irrigation, and farmers in the region are realising only half the returns on their sugar cane crops. Game and cattle farmers are forced to choose the lesser of two evils: having their prized animals slaughtered to save them from the agony of dying of thirst and hunger.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 6 –7 (2016)More Less
The most important thing a government can do is to sustain its economy, its agriculture and its food security. And yet it was recently revealed in The Times newspaper that we as a country are going in the opposite direction due to poor policies. This is as a result of a leadership structure that is not cognisant of, nor cares about, the consequences of its actions. No government can control certain aspects of a farmer's livelihood such as meat price fluctuations, drought, livestock diseases, or even changing consumer tastes and preferences. But what governments everywhere do control is the legislation that is enacted to administer these processes. Right now, we face a very negative environment in South Africa, of which the Expropriation Bill is just the latest example.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 12 –22 (2016)More Less
Citrus production outlook optimistic despite drought
SA grapefruit in high demand in China
Winter's icy gripholds firm
ARC training emerging farmers in mushroom production
Kroonstad's Bloemhoek Dam remains empty
South Africa's demand for exotic mushrooms increasing
Uranium mining companies withdraw Karoo applications
Eastern Cape farmer and Eskom in maintenance row
Growing demand for lactose- free dairy
Creative rice marketing
Chocolate price increases by 39% - Stats SA
FAO optimistic about farming output growth in sub-Saharan Africa
Further reduction in livestock numbers expected
Fuel price increases will drive up cost of food - Sihlobo
Top speakers for 9th International Wildlife Ranching Symposium
SPCA puts down 70 'severely malnourished' donkeys
Aldam Stockman's School 2016 places focus on meeting consumer expectations
Young farmers should consider forming co-ops
Young black farmers should enter mainstream market
Farmers warn of uncontrollable FMD outbreaks in Botswana
Botswana milk prices likely to increase
Team SA wins gold in Saddle Horse World Cup
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Two years ago, scientific models showed that we were using 1,5 times the Earth's resources per year, which was unsustainable. That number has since grown to 1,6. "Nearly half the global population, about 4,5 billion people, won't meet their nutritional needs by 2040 if we don't use innovation in food production," says André Westerveld, regional director of Elanco South Africa, part of Elanco Animal Health, which develops products to improve animal health and production. Elanco recently launched the Enough movement, which is committed to building a food-secure world by 2050.
Author Koos CoetzeeSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
When UK Prime Minister David Cameron promised a referendum about continued membership of the EU, he clearly did not expect that a majority of British voters would vote to leave the union. But the people have spoken. Brexit will not happen overnight, though, as EU legislation provides for a two-year exit period. The EU developed out of the European Economic Community (EEC), founded in 1958 by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.These countries realised that they could not rebuild their infrastructure and feed themselves after the Second World Warin isolation. The EEC removed trade restrictions, including tariffs. Over the years, other countries, including the UK, joined the group and the EEC became the EU.
Author Peter O'HalloranSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
Income tax is levied upon the money or value of goods earned by a taxpayer who is a resident within the tax jurisdiction. Your capital assets, money in the bank, an inheritance, loan account, and dividends due to you from a local company are all examples of capital - and capital is tax-free. Capital gains tax (CGT) is levied under a fairly narrow set of circumstances, as we'll see shortly. So, salaries and rentals are taxable. But dividends from local companies or close corporations and some dividends from offshore companies are tax-free. They must, however, be disclosed as part of your gross income, which is the total of all taxable amounts earned, plus dividends and the value of so-called fringe benefits.
Author Jay FerreiraSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 30 –32 (2016)More Less
In 1990, Edmund Oettle bought a farm just outside Wellington in the Western Cape. Describing the land as an "unsustainable, ecological desert", Edmund decided to move away from traditional farming methods in 1992, and adopted an organic farming approach. "I was looking for a farming method that I believed would be sustainable, and I wanted to leave the farm in a better state than when I arrived," he says. At the time, organic farming was a little-known concept. "People said we'd go bankrupt," Edmund explains. "But we didn't. Now there isn't a square inch of soil without something growing on it. [Since adopting organic farming methods], the change in the soil has been dramatic. It's soft and alive and you can dig in it with your hands. We don't need to add fertiliser because we grow fertiliser in the form of legumes grown as cover crops in the winter when the grapes are dormant. That gives us the nitrogen we need in the soil, so our overall input costs are greatly reduced." Certified organic in 2000, Upland Organic Estate produces red wine, port, grappa and brandy, as well as organic nuts, olives, fruit and buchu. It also has a pine and eucalyptus woodlot.
Author Mike BurgessSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 38 –41 (2016)More Less
If you don't go to the cave tonight, tomorrow I won't show it to you. I just want to get my tobacco. This was John Kepe's demand minutes after his arrest on the grassland plateau above the Boschberg on the night of 24 February 1952. Keen to unravel the mystery of how Kepe had managed to evade justice for 12 long years, Sergeant (Sgt) JP Botha relented, despite the obvious risks. Handcuffed, with a rope tied around his neck, Kepe led the police into the misty night to the cave on the slopes of the Boschberg Mountain where he had resided for more than a decade. It was here, from this secluded natural shelter, that Kepe had terrorised and fraternised with the broader Somerset East community, and it was only after the brutal murder of farm worker, Dirk Goliath, in late 1951, that Kepe was apprehended. He was hanged in Pretoria Central Prison on 25 June 1952.
Source: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 42 –45 (2016)More Less
For many years, the Afrikaner/Simmentaler cross was arguably one of the most popular crosses for commercial beef cattle production, says Lynton Vermaak, advisor to Dr Hentie Jansen van Rensburg's Demeter Afrisim Stud near Leeudoringstad. "This eventually resulted in the Afrisim breed as we know it today. It was a logical step for cattlemen to formalise Afrisim stud breeding," he says. Hentie, a gynaecologist in Potchefstroom, was one of the first breeders to register an Afrisim stud in South Africa. It was initially registered as 'a breed under evaluation' in terms of the Animal Improvement Act, 1998 (No. 62 of 1998), and the Afrisim Breeders' Society was established in 2009 under the auspices of the Afrikaner Cattle Breeders' Society of South Africa. This year, the Demeter Stud was voted the Afrisim Breeders' Society's Herd of the Year for 2016.
Author Glenneis KrielSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016, pp 48 –51 (2016)More Less
The vertical shoot positioning (VSP) system has long been seen as the only trellis system suitable for the production of good quality wine. As a result, most of South Africa's wine grapes have until now been produced using this system. The top three farmers in this year's VinPro/Winetech Block Competition in Robertson have, however, shown that alternative production systems can be just as good or even better than VSPs.
Author Bill KerrSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The recent announcement that aphids and not leaf hoppers are the vector for the spread of the brassica stunting disorder virus (BSD) makes sense. You rarely see leaf hoppers in cabbage lands, whereas aphids are a major pest of brassicas, especially during the cooler months. Two species of aphid are likely to attack crops - the cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae) and the false cabbage aphid (Lipaphis pseudobrassicae). The former prefers the cooler months. It creates white patches where it feeds and causes the leaves to curl over the colony, thus protecting it. The aphids have a distinct light-grey wax body covering.
Author Michael CordesSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
As noted last issue, the old control boards called the shots when it came to determining prices, because they also determined supply. After their demise, the free market ensured that 'true' prices could prevail. This placed quality at the head of the list of price-forming factors. Supply and demand also came into their own right, as did many other considerations. The impact on farmers was huge. Without the artificial protection of the control boards, each found themselves thrown into the proverbial deep end. It was sink or swim. The premium quality brands (farmers) soon established themselves as the leaders in the market place. Through quality products they remained price makers. Farmers who could not provide the same quality standards soon became price takers. This remains the status quo. A walk through any major market will show how the top brands are sold at better prices than others. In some cases, the brand is so strong that the buyers don't even haggle over the price. They simply accept it and are usually grateful to have obtained the product.
Author Joe SpencerSource: Farmer’s Weekly 2016 (2016)More Less
The Polaris Ranger 570 Crew and 900 are proving themselves at the 2 000ha Deelkraal Wildlife Reserve in the Waterberg in Limpopo, home to a large and diverse population of wildlife. The 33kW ProStar 570 and the 51kW 900 engines were designed to achieve a combination of high power density, fuel efficiency and easy maintenance.