n African Finance Journal - Labour productivity, technological gap and spillovers : evidence from Moroccan Manufacturing Industries
|Article Title||Labour productivity, technological gap and spillovers : evidence from Moroccan Manufacturing Industries|
|© Publisher:||AfricaGrowth Institute|
|Journal||African Finance Journal|
|Author||Jamal Bouoiyour and Al Akhawayn|
|Publication Date||Jan 2005|
|Pages||1 - 17|
|Keyword(s)||F21, F23, Human capital, Labour productivity, Moroccan Manufacturing Industries, O52 and Spillovers|
The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically whether there is any evidence that Foreign Direct investment (FDI) has had a positive impact on productivity performance in Moroccan Manufacturing industries. To this end a panel data set at sector level for the Moroccan manufacturing industries in the period 1987-1996 was used. Our results suggest that the foreign presence increases the domestic labour productivity. However, this relationship is a complex one and depends on absorptive capacity or technological gap (distance between foreign and indigenous firms in terms of total factor productivity). The technological gap seems to be a condition for spillovers, but only within a certain range. Our results show a significant positive effect of trade openness (exports) on the Moroccan labour productivity.
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