n Southern African Forestry Journal - Killing cut stumps after multiple coppice rotations in the KwaZulu-Natal midlands, South Africa : scientific paper

Volume 2003, Issue 199
  • ISSN : 0038-2167



The repeated regeneration of <I>Eucalyptus grandis&lt;/I&gt; through the management of coppice shoots results in large multi-stemmed stumps that are difficult to kill. To test the most effective manner in which these stumps could be killed, a trial was initiated at felling on a fourth rotation stand of <I>E. grandis&lt;/I&gt; stumps in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands. Triclopyr (amine salt, 360 g l<sup>-1</sup>), triclopyr (butoxy ethyl ester, 480 g l<sup>-1</sup>), imazypyr (100 g l<sup>-1</sup>), metsulfuron-methyl (600 g kg<sup>-1</sup>) and a combination of triclopyr (butoxy ethyl ester, 480 g l<sup>-1</sup>) + glyphosate (isopropylamine salt, 192 g l<sup>-1</sup>) were applied to a basal frill, the cut surface, or the foliage of coppice regrowth of <I>E. grandis&lt;/I&gt; stumps. These treatments were compared to an untreated control where the coppice regrowth was manually cut with an axe. Irrespective of the active ingredient, the use of herbicides proved to be more effective in preventing coppice regrowth than by manual control with an axe. The application of herbicides to a basal frill killed 90 % of the stumps and required the least follow-up control.

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