n French Studies in Southern Africa - Rupture ou renouveau de la création littéraire en R.D.C.

Volume 2003, Issue 32
  • ISSN : 0259-0247



This article is based on a double hypothesis: the renewal of young characters and the break-up of narrative genres, which both mark a change in the orientation of Zairean literature in the 1990s. The shift first manifests itself in the appearance of new young characters who represent an idealized youth as opposed to "negative heroes", and also in the forging of a plural form that draws from the structures of traditional literature: stories, tales, epics and legends. There is also a surrealistic and anachronistic overlapping of historical events and fictional elements. This change imbues the literature with a kind of optimism that had been absent since the beginning of the 1990s, and it is achieved because "acting characters" replace "pretext characters" and analyze the political and socio-economic ills of the country. The emergence of mixed genres, far from impoverishing old forms, puts new life into the tales.

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