French Studies in Southern Africa - Volume 2005, Issue 34, 2005
Volumes & issues
Volume 2005, Issue 34, 2005
Author Jaco AlantSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 1 –12 (2005)More Less
This article is primarily concerned with the marginality ("otherness") of the African folktale in (French) literary studies. A brief review is given of this marginality on account of two theoretical approaches to the folktale: a sociological / africanist approach, focusing on its "traditional values", and a structuralist approach, focusing on its (archetypal) simplicity. Offering a brief reflection on the reception of the folktale in the South African French literature class, the article proceeds to offer a "provocative" reading of Birago Diop's "Petit mari" that suggests the possibility of a folktale that, not unlike the modernist text, is open to "a multiplicity of signifieds" (Easthope). Central to this reading is the questioning of "masculinity" as a core value of traditional Africa.
Voyage vers l'autre pour une image se soi dans le Supplément au voyage de Bougainville de Denis DiderotAuthor Marie-Jeanne BoisacqSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 13 –30 (2005)More Less
We explore how the philosopher Denis Diderot stages life in Tahiti in a polyphonique dialogue in the Supplément au voyage de Bougainville. He installs Tahitians in a state of nature, by dint of some distortions which encourage him to ignore certain evidence of Bougainville, to construct a harmonious agreement between natural and social morality. His intention is to provoke in his time not the nostalgia for a golden age but an honest cogitation on his own wrongs.
Author Claude CavalleroSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 31 –43 (2005)More Less
Initially, under the influence of the nouveau roman, Le Clézio's oeuvre gave priority to the effects of fiction over any autobiographical perspective. In the early works marginalised characters bring into question the excess of modernity (mass consumption, the impersonality of the crowd) while a deep osmosis between the subject and the world
- felt as almost essential after his discovery of the Amerindian cultures
- is ever more strongly perceptible in his works.
Author Catherine Du ToitSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 44 –66 (2005)More Less
In spite of new and growing interest in the life and works of Henri-Pierre Roché, his first serious publication, Don Juan et... (1920), has to date not received any attention from the handful of Roché scholars. This article examines Roché's portrayal of the Don Juan figure and explores the way in which this work came into being. It further attempts to contextualise the work, both within the evolution of the Don Juan figure and in its importance and relevance to Roché's oeuvre.
Author Robert Fotsing MangouaSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 67 –81 (2005)More Less
André Brink's writing is characterised by an evident will desire to make his texts a meeting point of other texts from writers worldwide. The author has lived in France and a good knowledge of the French language has certainly opened its literary and cultural world to him. This paper attempts to explore the French intertextuality in his works by describing its forms, functions and significations. The aim is to show the important role it plays in his quest for identity as a man and as writer.
Author Jean-Pol MadouSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 82 –95 (2005)More Less
Victor Segalen's work is entirely built on the dialectic between the Imaginary and the Real. Freeing himself from his indebtedness to symbolism as well to naturalism, Segalen (1878-1919) tried to overcome the literary horizon of his time by his theory of exoticism conceived during his journey to Tahiti (1902-1904) and his stay in China (1909-1914). In Equipée (1914) which relates in both epic and lyrical ways an archaeological mission the author had undertaken in 1914 in West China, Segalen experienced the interdependence of the Imaginary and the Real. What would the Real be without the support Imaginary provides? What would Imaginary be without the challenge of the Real?
"Les parfums, les couleurs et les sons se confondent" ou comment exposer le manuscrit de Leben? oder Theater? de Charlotte SalomonAuthor Naomi MorganSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 96 –121 (2005)More Less
German-Jewish artist Charlotte Salomon painted her life in a collection of 760 gouaches entitled "Leben? oder Theater?", donated to the Jewish Museum in Amsterdam after the Second World War. This article investigates possible ways of exhibiting the manuscript which would reflect its generic originality on the one hand and activate the different elements of this unique Gesamtkunstwerk on the other.
Author Desire WaKabweSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2005, pp 122 –137 (2005)More Less
This study explores the underlying motivations in the strongly autobiographical dimension marking the work of two important Congolese writers; V.Y. Mudimbe and P. Ngandu Nkashama. The different modalities in the use of the first-person "I" are identified, different in the case of each author, who by a form of mimesis or by style, symbolically or realistically, explores personal frustrations and questions stages of his own life. It seems the novel quickly finds itself limited by such ambiguities in the relationship between author-narrator-reader, and also by the very nature of the contract implicit in that relationship. The diary and particular use of dedications, on the other hand, seem to allow more immediate access to emotion and questioning, because they always find a starting point in personal experience.