French Studies in Southern Africa - Volume 2007, Issue 37, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 2007, Issue 37, 2007
Author Jean-Louis CornilleSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 1 –22 (2007)More Less
In conclusion to his Légende de St Julien l'Hospitalier, Flaubert refers to a stained-glass window of the cathedral of Rouen as its main source. As a result, critics have restricted their search for sources of Flaubert's tale to the hagiography of St Julien. But by confronting the story of St Julien as told by Flaubert with another major text of the nineteenth century whose hero is also called Julien, namely Le Rouge et le Noir, one discovers striking similarities between the two characters. Is it possible that Stendhal's text based itself already on the legend of St Julien?
Author Catherine Du ToitSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 23 –47 (2007)More Less
Deux Anglaises et le Continent was Henri-Pierre Roché's second autobiographically inspired novel. Published in 1956, three years after his best known work, Jules et Jim, it principally draws on a period from the author's youth and consists entirely of manipulated or fictional journal extracts and letters. More youthful in style and approach than his other works, the novel contains both the origins of Roché's conception of love as well as its finality. For this reason, Deux Anglaises et le Continent can be seen as a pivotal work, embracing most of the themes, especially those relative to love, found in Henri-Pierre Roché's oeuvre.
Author Frederick HaleSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 48 –67 (2007)More Less
Avec sa pièce Judas (1955), Marcel Pagnol a perpétué une tradition qui se manifeste parmi les hommes de lettres et les théologiens depuis le Siècle des lumières dans son effort de réhabiliter la réputation de Judas Iscariote ou au moins de le présenter comme une personne normale plutôt que de l'écarter en tant que démon. Pagnol a tenté de construire sa position, qui diffère d'une façon marquée de celle de ses prédécesseurs, que Judas a suivi le commandement de Jésus, qui l'a obligé à trahir son Maître. L'argument de Pagnol, dans son effort de dépeindre Judas comme "sans doute le premier martyr du christianisme", repose sur une lecture erronée de l'Evangile, qu'il invoque comme preuve.
Intertextualité et visages de l'Afrique : continent noir et mythes telluriques chez J. Minne et D. Kadima-NzujiAuthor Emmanuel Kayembe KabembaSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 68 –87 (2007)More Less
A close reading of Jules Minne's Bornes de l'Océan and Dieudonné Kadima-Nzuji's Préludes à la terre reveals a certain number of similar formal elements, which allows an intertextual study. At first sight, these various indices seem scattered, however they relate to two main topics. The first is concerned with the essence of poetry and the second to a mythical representation of Africa. If the Belgian and the Congolese poet agree on the idea of poetic creativity, the aspects of the African continent they give are located at opposite extremes. This article will show that Kadima-Nzuji rewrote segments of Minne's verses from an anticolonial perspective, transforming thus the original images into a more intimate figure, inspirated by patriotic feelings.
Author Till KuhnleSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 88 –107 (2007)More Less
The marquis de Sade was apparently an eminent reader of Spinoza's philosophy from which he deduced his anthropology of destruction justifying crime. For Spinoza nature as natura naturans is indestructible and eternal while in its appearance as natura naturata representing the result of a never changing process of modifications it is infinite. Therefore the idea of "nothingness" has to be considered as absurd. Sade's justification of crime and violence transforms the principle of "modification" into a principle of "destruction". Destruction is the first principle of his "ethics" because nature depends on men who follow their instincts to comply with this infinite process of changing in appearance. For this reason, Sade considers, contrarily to Spinoza's Ethica, that men should never limit their compulsions. The dominance of the others should be the exclusive aim of the superior human activity. According to Sade any civilisation based on sublimation is to be rejected. Moreover, the concept of civilisation is only admitted in the sense of a "machine" producing new and more sophisticated means of sadistic pleasure. In this "anthropology of consumers" human body and life as the ultimate products of consumption have to disappear when the "economy of pleasure" (that is an economy of consumption) is brought to its term; finally the "machines" or "factories" installed for this purpose by rich libertins in "utopian" places as monasteries and castles are annihilated - to be replaced by others. Thus the only progress admitted by Sade is the development of new possibilities for pleasure. In such never ending succession of cycles of domination and destruction, the eroticism is no longer sublimated and its rhetoric of seduction is replaced by the "mechanical" discourse of pornography using stereotypes.
Pour une vision humaniste de l'Amérique. Les journaux de voyages de Denis de Rougemont et Simone de BeauvoirAuthor Eric LeveelSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 108 –126 (2007)More Less
On January 25th 1947, Simone de Beauvoir flew off to America where she would sojourn for four months. In September 1940, Denis de Rougemont settled there for the duration of the war. Two great European and world thinkers discovered the North American continent and the city of New York in particular, thus following in the footsteps of Paul Morand in the 1930s. The protestant and personalist intellectual and the existentialist spokeswoman were to describe their experiences, their joys, but also their doubts in two books which took the form of highly structured travel diaries: Journal des deux mondes (1946) by Denis de Rougemont and L'Amérique au jour le jour (1948) by Simone de Beauvoir.
Despite these two books being written during two different historical periods, with the two intellectuals staying in the United States for different reasons and although they sometimes convey radically divergent views when it comes to the position of men (and women) in the world, somehow, these views find a common ground in a modern form of humanism which tends to be critical of the American reality. This common ground is the topic of this article which will attempt to analyse two consciousnesses and to understand them in their uniqueness.
Author Jean-Pol MadouSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 127 –144 (2007)More Less
The concept of the "human face" forms a point of reference for contemporary French thinkers as different and opposite as Sartre, Deleuze and Levinas. For each of them the human face is neither a part of the body nor a perceptible object but, rather, the threshold of the invisible. For Sartre the human face is destined to disappear under the violence of the gaze it generates. For Deleuze it comes undone like in a Francis Bacon painting, thus - through its collapse - freeing the will of nature trapped and imprisoned in a socially tamed body. For Levinas, on the other hand, the human face is fundamentally expression, fundamentally language and discourse, the locus of hospitality and of reception of the Other, making it the most absolute and indestructible challenge to violence.
Author Patrick Kabeya MwepuSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 145 –159 (2007)More Less
One particular approach to narratology involves the attempt to establish a connection between the author and the main character of a literary work. Many readers would qualify such a work as an "autobiographical novel", implying that the narrator or protagonist in a given literary text represents the author of the work. Whereas the reader's interest in biographical aspects would, at least to some extent, support such a close link, certain authors regularly make statements denying the existence of this relationship. This article aims to demonstrate how Henri Lopes uses literary techniques to 'cover up' clues and 'confuse' the reader as to the actual personality of the narrator-character. This rather exceptional concern with undermining the reader's recourse to an autobiographical approach is achieved through his novels. On the basis of this technique, the author comes to espouse a worldview different to the one held by the main characters depicted in his novels. Anxious to conceal his biography, Lopes believes that writing novels that confound his readers on the personality of the author is more helpful than issuing press releases denying self representation in his fiction.
Author Patricia O'FlahertySource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 160 –179 (2007)More Less
This article proposes a parallel reading of Cheikh Hamidou Kane's two novels, L'Aventure ambiguë (1961) and Les Gardiens du temple (1996). Both deal with the problems caused by colonialism in an African country, in the period following the arrival of the Other, the White man. The first is set at the beginning of the colonial era and the second against the background of the newly independent African state. The questions raised by the first, better-known work, a tightly structured, tragic tale, philosophical in argument, are responded to in the longer, more realist novel, set at the end of the second millennium. This study examines the development of Kane's argument about the African nation state, raising such issues as education, technological development, corruption, political leadership, modernity and traditional values. The focus of Kane's readership to date has been on L'Aventure ambiguë whereas this paper argues that the first novel is complemented by Cheikh Hamidou Kane's second novel, Les Gardiens du temple. This paper concludes that Kane's two novels constitute a more effective assessment and analysis of African politics and society when read or studied together. Although very different in certain respects, they are closely related thematically and form a whole in terms of the author's view of the current and future state of African society and its governance.
À l'Angle de la Grande Maison. Les Lazaristes de Madagascar : correspondance avec Vincent de Paul (1648-1661), Nivoelisoa Galibert : book reviewAuthor Samoela Jaona RanariveloSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 183 –186 (2007)More Less
Cet ouvrage analyse essentiellement l'impact des expéditions missionnaires et coloniales sur la construction de l'identité d'un peuple dans la partie sud-est de Madagascar durant les seizième et dix-septième siècles. Nivoelisoa Galibert veut comprendre le fonctionnement de cette correspondance afin de reconstruire l'identité des groupes marginalisés vivant sur les îles de l'Océan indien.
Author Bernard De MeyerSource: French Studies in Southern Africa 2007, pp 186 –188 (2007)More Less
Le département de français de l'Université de Glasgow édite depuis une vingtaine d'années des guides d'accompagnement à des oeuvres littéraires écrites en français. Alors que plus de cinquante titres ont déjà paru, l'essai de Patricia O'Flaherty n'est que le deuxième dans la collection qui traite d'un ouvrage de l'Afrique francophone, Patrick Corcoran ayant rédigé il y a quelques années une étude du roman Le Pleurer-Rire d'Henri Lopes.