n French Studies in Southern Africa - « Écriture préemptive » et « littérature-monde » : la jeune littérature africaine d'expression française
|Article Title||« Écriture préemptive » et « littérature-monde » : la jeune littérature africaine d'expression française|
|© Publisher:||Association for French Studies in Southern Africa (AFSSA)|
|Journal||French Studies in Southern Africa|
|Author||Bernard De Meyer|
|Publication Date||Jan 2010|
|Pages||19 - 36|
|Keyword(s)||African literature in French, Champ litteraire francophone, Engagement, Francophone literary field, Le Bris, Litterature africaine d'expression francaise, Manifeste, Manifesto, Memoire, Memory, Nganang, Political commitment and University of KwaZulu-Natal|
Two important manifestos on literature were published almost simultaneously in 2007 : "Pour une 'littérature-monde' en français" in the French newspaper Le Monde by Michel Le Bris and numerous other French-speaking writers, and a three-hundred page essay Manifeste d'une nouvelle littérature africaine by the Cameroonian writer and critic Patrice Nganang. While the first manifesto has had a lot of repercussions in the "francophone" world, the second one went almost unnoticed. By comparing the manifestos, the aim of this article is to contribute towards paradigms through which novels by the young generation of African authors writing in French could be classified and analyzed. After a brief description of the Le Bris manifesto, Nganang's critical essay on "preemptive writing" in post-genocide (1994) fictional works will be studied in some detail. The three key concepts of memory, (literary) field and francophonie will be used to define the literary works in French produced on the African continent in the twenty-first century. The conclusion will propose that the notion of postcolonial francophone studies be revisited.
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