n French Studies in Southern Africa - La colonisation selon Sanderval : de Tierno Monénembo

Volume 2011, Issue 41
  • ISSN : 0259-0247



), the ninth novel by the Guinean author Tierno Monénembo, published in 2008, deals with the French explorer Olivier de Sanderval, who carved for himself a kingdom in Pullo territory in the late XIXth Century. Three discourses are combined, from the obvious to the insidious. Written with the encouragement of the explorer's descendants, whose desire was to rehabilitate the discredited figure of Sanderval, the novel seems to fit well in the Parisian literary establishment, where it obtained one of the major literary awards in 2008. The novel is also an indirect reflection on the socio-political context in which it was written, marked by the "colonial fracture". Finally, postcoloniality as critical discourse is embedded in the novel. In this context, the article aims to first investigate the real value of the Renaudot prize awarded to a novel describing the early colonial experience. It will then briefly analyze some paratextual elements which place the novel between reality and fiction. The concepts of "territorialization" (Deleuze & Guattari) and "dialogism" (Bakhtin) will allow us to read Le Roi de Kahel as a postcolonial rewriting of an existing colonial text.

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