n French Studies in Southern Africa - Humaines et épanouies. Trois femmes puissantes et les figures littéraires des Africaines

Volume 2013, Issue 43
  • ISSN : 0259-0247



This article focuses on by Marie NDiaye. The novel, which won the Goncourt Prize in 2009, includes three stories, each of which portrays an African woman: Norah, Fanta and Khady Demba. The article investigates in which way these women are strong. It also attempts to measure the novel's impact on the evolution of the representation of African women in literature. It appears that the notion of strength is, in this case, not associated with the notion of power. These women are strong because they have been able to stand against the process of dehumanization while claiming the right to have happy lives. Furthermore, these representations of women by Marie NDiaye seems to follow the general portrayal of African women figures in literature - the woman as victim, the poto mitan woman and the misovire - while at the same time contesting some of their features.

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