n French Studies in Southern Africa - Retours fictionnels de l'exilé africain

Volume 2013, Issue 43
  • ISSN : 0259-0247



Recent writings in French by African authors show an increasing diversity. Distancing themselves from the established literary canons, such as the Négritude movement or the socio-political novel, today's authors experiment with writing, participating in the world republic of letters (Casanova) and becoming increasingly recognized by the literary institution. Against this background, the article discusses how writers, living or having lived in exile, express the return to their native country through their fiction. In these ostensibly less political novels, narrative means are substantially different from those of traditional narration. New possibilities are explored, such as the multiplication of narrators, the perversion of genres, and an original connection to space. Drawing on the works of some exiled African writers (mainly Mongo Beti, Patrice Nganang and Alain Mabanckou) the article aims to show that the return to the continent is symptomatic of the authors' desire to be integrated into world literature. This paradox will be clarified by analysing narrative and intertextual processes, using mainly Dominique Maingueneau concepts of scenography and parotopy.

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