n French Studies in Southern Africa - L'interculturalité dans les romans malgaches contemporains




(2002) by Michèle Rakotoson, (2008) by Raharimanana and (2010) by Johary Ravaloson present the notion of plurality through the dichotomy of tradition versus modernity. These postcolonial novels do however not limit themselves to the polemic of dominator/dominated which belongs generally to the colonial era. They establish a connection between cultures which are considered equal. The action of connecting those cultures, in its conflicting version or in its stage of negotiation, is expressed here through the concept of interculturality. This article focuses on the making of this connection and presents the Malagasy novels as an invitation to interculturality which is inseparable from postcolonial criticism (Moura). The three novels build up a site of negotiation between the traditional and colonizing culture which is often characterized by violence. This invitation to interculturality acquires its shape and meaning through a writing which is less formal thereby introducing a part of to world literature in French. Inspired by the notion of third space (Bhabha), the article concludes that the cultural components, made in connection with each other, produce hybrid creations which mark the development of Malagasy literature considered insular and minor (Deleuze & Guattari).


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