oa Fundamina : A Journal of Legal History -

Volume 2003 Number 9
  • ISSN : 1021-545X
  • E-ISSN: 2411-7870



As a general rule, both in the Continental and in the British , a contract could not confer rights or impose obligations arising under it on any person except the parties to it. Persons not party to the contract could not sue or be sued on it. The latter principle is clearly expressed in 3 19 3: . The created rights and duties only to the parties to it. It could have no effects whatsoever on third parties, making them neither creditor nor debtor.

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