oa Fundamina : A Journal of Legal History - Pfandrecht und Niessbrauch - Mehrfachbestellung und Konvaleszenz beschränkter dinglicher Rechte im römischen, im gemeinen und im geltenden Recht



The convalescence of defective transfers of property interests is a long-discussed problem in Roman law. Through a comparative analysis of nineteenth-century and modern German civil-law principles, this article proposes novel insights into the classical Roman understanding of property interests. It also shows how related usufructuary concepts support a new perspective on convalescence. In doing so, this analysis revolves around a central question: If an interest may be validly transferred only once, but has been transferred defectively, under what circumstances can the invalid transfer convalesce?


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