Gender and Behaviour - Volume 10, Issue 2, 2012
Volume 10, Issue 2, 2012
Gender differences, career aspirations and career development barriers of secondary school students in Kisumu municipalitySource: Gender and Behaviour 10, pp 4987 –4997 (2012)More Less
The purpose of this study therefore is to explore gender differences in adolescents' career aspirations and career development barriers among secondary school students in Kisumu municipality, Kenya. The study was conducted on 348 form four secondary school students. The major findings of this study show that there are certain careers that are preferred by both males and females i.e. investigative and enterprising career types however the realistic career type was mostly chosen by males while the social career type was mostly chosen by females. Academic qualifications and lack of financial resources were found to be the major barriers that prevent the students from aspiring for their dream careers. Males expressed lack of financial resources as the major barrier while females considered academic qualifications as their main barrier to their career development.
Meaningful causal model among psycho-sociological factors on psychological well-being of the hearing impaired adolescents in Southwest, NigeriaAuthor Aveez Oluwatoyin BakareSource: Gender and Behaviour 10, pp 4998 –5021 (2012)More Less
More often than not, hearing impaired individuals strive to adjust to varying challenges in the society, which could have negative effects on their psychological wellbeing. Studies on the psychological well-being of adolescents with hearing impairment are generally scanty and have not sufficiently addressed causal interactions of variables of interest on the psychological well-being of such adolescents. This study, therefore, investigated through a path analysis, the most meaningful causal model (involving hearing impaired adolescents' socio-demographic and psychological characteristics) for hearing impaired adolescents' psychological well-being in South West Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design of ex-post facto type. Purposive sampling was used to select eight Senior Secondary Schools and 491 adolescents with hearing impairment using a battery operated audiometer. Seven validated instruments were used to gather data for the study. One research question was answered. Data were analysed using path-analysis. There were 23 significant and meaningful pathways to psychological well-being.
These were: P98 : β =.291; P97: β =.116; P95: β =.186; P94: β =.129; P92: β =.054; and P91: β =.054 among others. Age, gender and self-concept are observed to have enormous number of pathways, making them to be very important and potent factors in explaining the causal model of the psychological well-being of the hearing impaired adolescents. Hearing impaired adolescents should pay serious attention to all the psycho-sociological factors, most importantly those that have direct, significant and meaningful effects on their psychological wellbeing. Intervention programmes should be designed on the aforementioned factors so as to enhance the psychological well-being of the hearing impaired adolescents in southwest Nigeria
Source: Gender and Behaviour 10, pp 5022 –5043 (2012)More Less
Individual differences in gender role perceptions have been described copiously in the psychological literature. The effects of education and gender have been established cross-culturally. The joint effects of education and gender have not however been discussed adequately, especially among African populations where there are strong expectations of these effects. In the current study, we explored these known effects among a heterogeneous urban population. Four hundred and seventy-six (476) respondents made up of high and low education groups were selected for this study. We examined the extent to which men and women will adopt traditional/egalitarian gender role attitudes and if age and education moderate established gender differences in gender role attitudes using Williams and Best's (1990) traditional and modern gender role scale. We found differences on traditional gender role perceptions based on education. We also found that while there was no gender difference on the traditional component, education seemed to minimise females' perceptions of traditional roles but not males. We did observe that both females and young adults endorsed more modern perceptions of gender roles. The results seemed to support the notion that males are less likely to change from socialisation practices that encourage male hegemony. Implications of the findings are discussed.