n Gender and Behaviour - Analysis of factors promoting HIV&AIDS vulnerability among married couples in Nigeria : a bootstrapped quartile regression approach

Volume 11, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1596-9231



AIDS is an health challenge that has slowed down the pace of economic development in Nigeria. Policy makers have advocated for drastic reduction in people's vulnerability to the disease. This paper analyzed the correlates of HIV vulnerability among Nigerian couples using the 2008 demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. Factor Analysis was used to aggregate 22 selected risky behaviours into composite HIV vulnerability indices, which were latter subjected to descriptive and bootstrapped quantile regression analyses. Average HIV vulnerability index was 9.128E-10 and the distribution rejected the hypotheses of normality and homoscedasticity. Regression results show that HIV vulnerability increased significantly (p<0.05) with the number of wives, membership of Islamic faith, domestic violence resulting from wife's refusal of sex and burning of food, but decreased significantly (p<0.05) with uptake of health insurance, residence in urban areas, couples' years of education, reading of newspaper, listening to radio and watching of television. It was recommended that within the ambient of reducing HIV vulnerability, there is need for more involvement of media houses for educating people on HIV transmission mechanisms and a critical reassessment of cultural and religious norms, among others.

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