n Gender and Behaviour - Stereotypes against women : how do subordinates perceive the job performance and level of achievement of their leaders?

Volume 11, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1596-9231



Stereotypes are organised sets of beliefs about traits and behaviours thought to distinguish one from group from another. Thus, people tend to display strong gender stereotypes, assigning traits and behaviours to individual men and women solely on the basis of their gender. This paper therefore, investigated the influence of stereotypes against women leaders on their perceived job performance and their level of achievement by their subordinates. Predictive survey design was used to gather information from 250 randomly selected employees of 4 establishments headed by women. These organisations included Esan West Local Government Area Council, Ekpoma; Irrua Specialist Hospital, Irrua (both in Edo State), including Akoko South West Local Government Council, Oka-Akoko and Federal Medical Centre, Owo (both in Ondo State). Three hypotheses were formulated and tested. It was confirmed that women stereotypes had significant influence on perceived job performance {t = 2.46; df = 248, p < .01} and perceived level of achievement of women leaders {t = 1.77; df = 248, p < .05}. It was also confirmed that female subordinates perceived the achievement level of their leaders higher than their male counterparts {t = 2.45; df = 248, p < .05}. However, there was no significant difference on the perceived job performance of women leaders between male and female workers {t = -.47; df = 248, p > .05}. Based on these findings, it was recommended that that people should control their stereotypes when they are directed to avoid letting them affect their judgment of others.

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