n Gender and Behaviour - Attitude towards gender equality in south-eastern Nigerian culture : impact of gender and level of education

Volume 11, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1596-9231



In South-eastern Nigeria, the deep seated gender-role socialization has never made gender equality a reality despite the immense contributions of women to the development of Nigeria in every sphere of life. This traditional gender-role orientation has always accorded the female gender an inferior status even when women are more qualified than men. Thus, this study investigated the influence of gender and level of education on attitude towards gender equality. The study was a cross-sectional survey of two hundred and ten participants (105 males and 105 females) between the ages of 14 to 61 years with mean age of 24.13 years drawn from Senior Secondary III students of National Grammar School, Queens College, undergraduate students of Enugu State University of Science and Technology and professionals from different walks of life in Enugu, the capital city of Enugu State, South-eastern Nigeria using Multi-stage sampling. Okonkwo (1999) 31-item Attitude towards Gender Equality Questionnaire was administered. 2x3 Analysis of Variance F-test revealed that gender significantly influenced attitude towards gender equality, with women having more positive attitude (P < .05) while level of education had no influence (p > .05). Men having less positive attitude towards gender equality has implications for the relationships between men and women. It was concluded that the traditional gender-role socialization in South-eastern Nigeria has continued to influence how men evaluate gender equality despite the efforts by the United Nations and other agencies to reduce gender inequality.

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