Gender and Behaviour - Volume 12, Issue 1, 2014
Volume 12, Issue 1, 2014
Source: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6169 –6181 (2014)More Less
This article discusses how harmful cultural practices may impair women's fundamental rights, particularly the rights to non-discrimination and equality guaranteed in numerous international and regional human rights instruments. More specifically, the article discusses three main cultural practices: son preference, primogeniture system and burial rites, and their implications for women's fundamental rights and freedoms in Nigeria. It analyses the conflict that may exist in adhering to cultural practices and in promoting women's fundamental rights to equality in a plural society like Nigeria. It further examines the legal and structural framework for addressing gender equality in the country and makes some suggestions for the way forward. It concludes by urging the Nigerian government to take more decisive measures in eliminating harmful cultural practices against women in line with its obligations under international law.
Female nurses experiencing family strain interference with work : spousal support and number of children impactsAuthor Ejike OkonkwoSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6182 –6188 (2014)More Less
This study explored the influence of spousal support and number of children on family strain interference with work. The study comprised a Cross-sectional Survey of 118 female nurses between the ages of 27 to 59 years (M=40.35) at University of Nigerian Teaching Hospital and Orthopedic Hospital Enugu using Multi-stage sampling. Four (4)-item Strain-based Family Interference with Work Scale drawn from Okonkwo (2011) 32-item Work-family Conflict Scale was administered. 2x2 Analysis of Variance F-test revealed no significant influence of Spousal support and number of children on family strain interference with work at F (1,117) = 2.09, p > .05 and F(1,117) = 0.00, p >. 05. These results were discussed in the light of Role Strain Theory.
Sexual orientation and disclosure : coming out narratives by young men and women in urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaAuthor Dhee NaidooSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6189 –6194 (2014)More Less
The purpose of this study is to understanding the process and experiences of coming out among young men and women in an urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Open ended individual interviews were conducted with ten participants. Content analysis was used to identify emerging themes. Four major themes emerged: feeling different and self-identification, gendered dimension of orientation, socio-cultural and religious context, expression of youth and freedom. Participants differed both in how much they disclose their sexual orientation and in the narrated experiences that follow from disclosure. Despite the very personal and private nature of coming out, sexual identities invariably seem to center around the complex relations between sexual expression, social, cultural, religious and political context. The expression of youth and freedom came as way of dealing with prejudice and barriers against gays and lesbians since most participants viewed coming out as a type of political activism in its own right.
De-masking institutionalised mental disorders in male/female relationship : an analysis of some female novelists' worksAuthor Omotayo F. Siwoku-AwiSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6195 –6210 (2014)More Less
This article considers that male-female relationship is often the cause of most mental ailments that might be diagnosed in women. Issues of traditions and patriarchal attitudes occasioned by biological differences between men and women have been considered reasons for circumscribing women, so also patrocentric cultures all over the world have tended to consider the man as superior to the woman. Though over the years fights for human and women's rights have improved the status of women, the real grind still remains the intractable patriarchal paradigm that finds expression in religious and traditional beliefs and practices and also in the socio-political fabric of our modern societies. The women novelists cited in this article have drawn on their imagination and of course real life situations to create female characters who provide down-to-earth cases for study.
Sex role expectations as predictors of career interests among senior secondary school students in Ibadan metropolisAuthor John O. EkoreSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6211 –6222 (2014)More Less
The cultural practices that seem to over emphasize expectations for male and females have affected human capital development. Not much is known however, the extent to which sex role orientation among senior secondary school students can influence their career interests. This necessitates the study that set to investigate the prediction of career interests using sex role expectations. The survey involved a sample size of 997 comprising of both male and female respondents drawn from 5 private and 5 public schools in Ibadan metropolis. Questionnaires with standardized scales were used for data collection. As hypothesised, sex-role expectations except androgyny, significantly predicted career interests. While femininity significantly predicted all the six career types, masculinity did not predict realistic career type. It was concluded that sex role expectations play important role in career interests among senior secondary school students. While vocational and career counsellors are encouraged to sensitise students and parents on overcoming social orientations in career choice, future researchers are advised to broaden the scope.
Amnesty, patriarchy and women : the 'missing gender' voice in post-conflict Niger Delta Region of NigeriaAuthor Ikechukwu UmejesiSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6223 –6237 (2014)More Less
On 25 June 2009, the Federal Government of Nigeria declared amnesty for all armed groups fighting against the Nigerian state and oil producing companies in the Niger Delta region. The amnesty project spelt out a triple program of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) of the militant groups. In other words, the program was designed to end the conflict and reintegrate the militants into the society through an economic empowerment process. While the amnesty program was hailed as "reconciliatory", "compensatory" and a "sustainable solution" towards achieving lasting peace in the restive region, the program seems to benefit only men who constitute the bulk of the militants and their commanders. It does not take into consideration the socio-ecologic and economic losses suffered by women throughout the course of the struggle. This paper asks: where are the women? Is the amnesty program an empowerment project or an entrenchment of patriarchy in the Niger Delta region? Using both primary and secondary sources, this article examines these questions as a way of understanding government's amnesty policy and its gender dynamics.
Knowledge, attitude and awareness of breast and cervical cancer among women in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, NigeriaSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6238 –6246 (2014)More Less
This study assessed the level of awareness and attitude towards breast and cervical cancer screening among women in Obafemi Awolowo University community. It further investigated the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics and attitude of women towards breast and cervical cancer screening. 460 women within age 18-60 years were recruited by means of convenience sampling at the Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife community. Data were collected on socio-demographic variables and knowledge of breast and cervical cancer. In this study, there was no statistically significant association between the different age groups, marital status, and level of education, monthly income and attitude toward breast cancer screening except occupation and religion, which was found to be statistically significant. Although 88.8% of the respondents in this study reported having heard about breast cancer, the study revealed that only 71.3% of them had sufficient knowledge of breast cancer, half of whom had acquired the information from the mass media. There was a significant relationship between age, occupation and attitude toward cervical cancer screening. Most of the women had negative attitude towards cervical cancer screening. Among the various age groups very few women had Pap smear test. Most of the students (64.7%) and non-academic staff (88.8%) had not heard about it. The academic staffs (57.5%) were more knowledgeable of the test. The study concluded that women were more knowledgeable about breast cancer than cervical cancer.
Author K.O. AyenibiowoSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6247 –6255 (2014)More Less
The study examined the influence of gender on assessment of parties involved in rape and the type of punishment proposed for its perpetrators. The participants were undergraduate students; 76 male and 76 females with mean age of 21.32 years. Anecdotal method, involving the use of six vignettes depicting rape in different circumstances was employed. The research adopted Pearson correlation, Chi-square and t-independent test for the analysis. The result shows gender difference in rating of only one of the vignettes, which is the one involving the receiving of gifts from the perpetrator by the victim. Suggestion of who to punish for acquaintance rape reflected gender bias. Suggestion on the type of punishment varies from one scenario to another. However punishment proposed for gang rape by both gender was stricter than those proposed for other cases. T-test carried out when the proposed sanctions were scored showed that female participants proposed more grievous punishment than the male for acquaintance rape. They also proposed harsher court sanctions for date rape at night and acquaintance rape. However, the male participants proposed higher punishment than female for gang rape. The paper discussed the results and highlighted implications for counseling.
Geriatric depression, health status and loneliness influencing psychosocial well-being of elderly persons from selected households in Ibadan, NigeriaAuthor T.G. AdegokeSource: Gender and Behaviour 12, pp 6256 –6264 (2014)More Less
The study examined the influence of geriatric depression, health status and loneliness on psychosocial well-being of elderly persons from selected households in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive survey design, using a sample of 300 elderly persons randomly drawn from selected households in five local government areas of Ibadan metropolis. The four instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires by adapting relevant scales to measure the studied variables. Data collected were analyzed using chi-square (χ2) technique. Results obtained from this study showed that there were significant relationships between geriatric depression, health status, and loneliness and psychosocial well-being of elderly persons in Ibadan. Based on these findings, it was recommended that government and health service providers should develop health promotion strategies which facilitate and improve access for elderly living alone to health services.