Gender and Behaviour - Volume 2, Issue 1, 2004
Volume 2, Issue 1, 2004
Religious experience and women leadership in Yoruba (Nigeria) Islam : a case study of Alhaja Sheidat Mujidat AdeoyeAuthor David O. OgungbileSource: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 117 –140 (2004)More Less
This paper examines the status and role of women in Nigerian Islam, with the case study of Alhaja Sheidat Mujidat Adeoye, the founder and leader of the Fadillullah Muslim Mission, Osogbo, Nigeria. It discusses religious experience of Sheidat Mujidat Adeoye which gave an impetus to the founding of her movement as this has not only changed the nature and form of Nigerian Islam, but it has also introduced a new expression into the tradition, thus causing an alteration in religious stereotypes within a religiously pluralistic community.
The study adopts a multi-disciplinary approach of anthropology, phenomenology and hermeneutics. The significance of this study lies in the tremendous and imposing prominence and huge patronage of Sheidat Adeoye, both by the people of Osogbo and the numerous visitors from several parts of Nigeria. This paper examines the uniqueness of the practices of Adeoye vis-á-vis the religious experience that gave birth to her movement. It investigates her activities and practices, her acceptance within the Muslim religious and Yoruba cultural patriarchal community, and public responses to her movement. The paper assesses the relevance of the movement as an Islamic group in religio-cultural and inter-religious contexts.
Author Grace Oluseyi SokoyaSource: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 141 –157 (2004)More Less
The study examined the influence of marital dynamics on the psychological wellbeing of farm-families in Ogun-state Nigeria. Research participants included spouses in twenty-six families drawn from five farming communities in the state. The uniqueness of the study is its feminist methodological approach, which emphasizes the inclusion of men's and women's views and perceptions, as opposed to a polarized view of men exclusively as the oppressors and perpetrators of female subordination. Findings of the study provide useful information for gender analysis and development of gender-sensitive and gender-specific interventions needed for the enhancement of the psychological wellbeing of farm-families.
Author William BoatengSource: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 158 –171 (2004)More Less
This paper, utilized the feminist sociological approach, rooted in phenomenology, to argue the point that nursing has a distinct knowledge base, which is not granted in empirico-analytic science and its methodology alone, but profess also in lived experiences of nurses, involved in caring relationships with their clients or patients. The paper takes off by assessing generally, the theoretical foundations of contemporary nursing in our society. The fact that nurses use varied forms of knowledge in their day-to-day practice is also captured. This information enables me argue out some research approaches compatible with nursing practice in addition to science as a conventional theoretical foundation for nursing. In this paper, the feminist research approach, is being recommended as a complementary research methodology in nursing practice.
Source: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 172 –178 (2004)More Less
We briefly review and provide commentary on sociological theories of gender inequality. The theories include Family Power Theory, New Home Economics Theory, the Neoclassical Market Model, Social Exchange Theory, Feminist Marxist Theory, and Human Capital Development Theory. Lastly, Human Capital theory is illustrated using the case of gender inequality in Japan.
Author Vanita PatwardhanSource: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 179 –199 (2004)More Less
This study aims at exploring personality of Indian women leaders. Sample of 90 Indian women leaders was selected following specific criteria, who are leading in fields, namely, administration, education, industry, performing arts and sports, politics, sciences and social work. The instruments used are, California Personality Inventory (CPI), Social Intelligence (SI) Tests, Leadership Checklist (LPC), and a brief interview. The conclusions of the study are, (A) the personality profile of Indian women leaders exhibits moderate level of the traits. However, the women leaders are a little high on Dominance and Good Impression. It denotes that they are confident, assertive, dominant, task-oriented and want to make a good impression. They are low on Flexibility and Social Presence, which suggests that they are less changeable, like a steady and well-organized life and are somewhat rigid. At times they are cautious and hesitant to assert own views or opinions. They are not sharp-tongued. Ninety percent of Indian women leaders have an external or outward interpersonal orientation, and acceptance of conventional social values. (B) Similar personality pattern is observed along the 7 leadership fields. (C) The two urban- rural comparisons - Pune and Cuttack - indicate similar personality profiles of Indian urban and rural women leaders. This study leads to many avenues and stresses the need of leadership training for Indian Women.
Author S.B. OdunsiSource: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 200 –214 (2004)More Less
Abortion is a phenomenon that cannot be wished away. Its apparent inevitability has necessitated various jurisdictions adorning it with cloaks of regulated legitimacy. Nigeria, however, maintains a highly conservative rigidity on the issue, leading to rather unfortunate consequences - Human Rights desecration inclusive.
This paper aims to appraise Nigeria's legal position on abortion.
With comparative analysis of the legal positions in other jurisdictions and relevant human rights provisions, critique and recommendation for reforms of Nigeria's stance will be proffered.
Source: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 215 –224 (2004)More Less
In recent years, popular media and researchers have given attention to gender inequality and education (Campbell and Sanders 1997). For example, a recent report by the Daily Independent supports this viewpoint in its headline: "600 Nigerian Girls Bag US Scholarship" (2003). Education and gender inequality in Nigeria have focused on a variety of physical, social, and cognitive contexts. Over the years, authorities have changed their theoretical platform. This has resulted in continuous discrimination of women, and widened socio-economic inequalities in the country with disastrous effects. It has not only fueled national and social problems, but it has retarded development and political empowerment. The downside to gender inequality is that it has set in motion: educational disparity, low employment among women, and limited their potential for sustainable economic development.
Source: Gender and Behaviour 2, pp 225 –239 (2004)More Less
A potentially rich framework for analyzing many aspects of interpersonal relationships has been provided by evolutionary psychology (Buss, 1994, Buss et al., 1999). With increasing frequency, jealousy as an aspect of relationship has been the focus of both empirical research and theoretical formulation.
It is often speculated that there are important gender differences with regard to the elicitation of jealousy. Women may be more threatened by the potential loss of attention and other emotional resources in a romantic relationship, whereas men may be more concerned about potential sexual infidelity. Based on the evolutionary model (Symons, 1979) it has been proposed that because males can never be completely confident about the paternity of any offspring they would be more concerned by sexual infidelity. Sexual infidelity would raise questions about paternity and the risk of investing resources, both human and economic, in another person's offspring. On the other hand, females would be more upset by emotional infidelity that might indicate a lack of long-term commitment and success of the relationship by the male. Females know that their offspring will have their genetic legacy, but need assurance that the partner will provide resources for the survival of the offspring (Cann et al., 2001).