n Gender and Behaviour - Globalisation and work : an insight from the Ghananian and Nigerian women experience
|Article Title||Globalisation and work : an insight from the Ghananian and Nigerian women experience|
|© Publisher:||IFE Centre for Psychological Studies (ICPS)|
|Journal||Gender and Behaviour|
|Author||Emmanuel Abiodun Fayankinnu and Olubunmi Akinsanya Alo|
|Publication Date||Jun 2007|
|Pages||1129 - 1161|
This paper examines the implication(s) of globalisation on women in Ghana and Nigeria and suggested policy options. From a qualitative perspective, the paper argued using a comparative approach, that, in spite of the benefits globalisation parades, it has been inherently hostile than pleasant on women in both countries. The policies of deregulation, privatization, devaluation, trade liberalization, monetary restraint, liquidity squeeze and tariff dismantling introduced into both countries as part of the globalisation process led to feminization of employment without corresponding micro benefits for women (female marginalisation).This had consequences for women as the pattern of employment changed from permanent to flexible or casual labour. Thus, women employed under this condition earn low wage, work longer hours, lack job security, deprived of their reproductive rights, and lack union protection. Job loss for women increased due to liberalization of trade which affected women more in the informal sector where they are highly concentrated. Removal of subsidies on goods and services increased prices of commodities and made life difficult for women especially with their unemployed situation. Thus, health care and education fees became unaffordable, leading to decline in health care users. Women lost out with increase in mortality rates, and infections of diseases. Girls had to be withdrawn at the expense of boys from school to assist in domestic chores as well as generate income for the upkeep of the family. This also rendered girls vulnerable to molestation, sexual harassment, rape, pregnancy and STIs. Thus, globalisation increased than reduce women's poverty. The paper concludes by suggesting that the government should increase spending on health and education, encourage women to join unions, organize women in the informal sector, and encourage employers to pay casual workers benefits enjoyed by permanent workers.
Article metrics loading...