n Gender and Behaviour - Adjustment strategies of retirees in South West Nigeria : implication for retirement education




This study examined the adjustment strategies of retirees in South West Nigeria. The target population for the study was all retirees in South West Nigeria. The sample consisted of 725 respondents selected from the six states in the South West geo-political zone of the country using the multi-stage sampling technique. Adapted Adjustment Strategies Scale (ASS) was used to collect data for the study. Content validity of the instrument was subjected to test-retest reliability technique using the Pearson's Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient formula. The validity yielded a coefficient of 0.73. Three research hypotheses were generated and tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. Data collected were analyzed using t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The result revealed that there was no significant difference among retirees in South West Nigeria in their coping strategies on the basis of age and religion but there was a significant difference on the basis of gender. The findings of this study have implications for psychologists, guidance counsellors and educationists alike. It was therefore recommended that psychologists and guidance counsellors through their various professional associations should sensitize the government on the need for retirement education for both pre-retirees and retirees in the country.


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