Gender and Behaviour - Volume 8, Issue 1, 2010
Volume 8, Issue 1, 2010
Knowledge, attitudes and family planning following termination of pregnancy among Basotho women at Queen Elizabeth II Hospital, Maseru, LesothoSource: Gender and Behaviour 8, pp 2857 –2870 (2010)More Less
Mortality and morbidity due to unsafe abortion continue to pose a serious global threat to women's health and lives especially in developing countries like Lesotho because of complication of backstreet abortion. This study looks into the knowledge, attitudes and practice of Basotho women on family planning following termination of pregnancy at Queen Elizabeth II Hospital, Maseru, Lesotho. The study employed a cross sectional study design. The study was conducted among 143 Basotho women who were admitted and had termination of pregnancy done in Queen Elizabeth II Hospital, Maseru, Lesotho. Information about their knowledge, attitudes and practice of family planning were collected via survey questionnaire. One out of three Basotho women were knowledgeable of at least two (2) family planning methods and more than half of them have used at least one form of family planning method before. However, only a quarter of them were presently on post abortion family planning while about three out of four of them were not counselled for post abortion family planning at discharge after been evacuated. Although 68.5% of Basotho women were knowledgeable about family planning, only 25.2% were categorized as having a high practice of family planning while 20.3% were classified as having positive attitude about family planning.
Source: Gender and Behaviour 8, pp 2871 –2885 (2010)More Less
This study aimed to investigate depression among female survivors of domestic violence. 112 female survivors of domestic violence who came to a trauma centre in Thohoyandou, Limpopo Province to seek help were selected as participants in the study. The participants' ages ranged from 15 to 65 years. The questionnaire used has items on demographic variables of the participants such as age, marital status, level of education, employment status, number of years married, number of children and also items on depression. A topic guide was also used to interview the participants on depressive symptoms. A significant number of the physically abused women were suffering from depression (z=2.8434, p<0.05) compared to the general population. This study provides data that can be used to motivate the implementation of intervention programmes to address domestic violence against women. Such programmes should include the implementation of cost-effective intervention aimed at reducing the depression caused by domestic violence on women.
Perceived societal expectations of boys and girls on the learning of English as a second language and how they affect their performanceAuthor B.R. MaduSource: Gender and Behaviour 8, pp 2887 –2902 (2010)More Less
This paper reports on an investigation into perceived societal expectations of boys and girls in the learning of English as a second language and how they may affect their performance in English tests and examinations. One hundred and twenty eight (64 female and 64 male) pupils in Grades 8 to 11 from four representative schools in the Polokwane Municipality of the Limpopo Province (South Africa) participated in the study. A quantitative ethnographic design (comprising questionnaires, and documentary analysis) was used to collect the data. A t-test was used to establish whether there might be significant differences between the mean scores of boys and girls on both the questionnaire data and test and examination results. Linear Regression Analysis was used to identify whether societal expectations significantly contribute to differential performances between female and male pupils (e.g., pupil's scores on English tests/examinations) and the level at which (in percentage) the factor contributed to the performance. The results showed more societal expectations on girls than on boys; and when all the pupils are put together, more societal pressure lead to worse performance in English language. It is therefore suggested that inspiration can be drawn from the findings in policy formulation regarding unisex versus single-sex schools, language instruction, especially attention given to undue societal pressure on girls with respect to the learning of English as a second language and approaches used in dealing with both sexes in second language classrooms.
Author Kofi JohnsonSource: Gender and Behaviour 8, pp 2903 –2918 (2010)More Less
Quietly, many women in the world face an uphill battle at home, at work and on college campuses. The battle is sexual harassment. The numbers are staggering. Every day, hundreds of thousands of women are sexually harassed. In the developing nations, because of customs and traditions, women are afraid to speak out. In addition, they feel ashamed and are fearful of losing their jobs if they bring sexual harassment to the attention of authorities. Also, Sexual harassment is clearly an example of the challenges faced by the Human Resource function in the new global market. This study examines the subject of varied interpretations of sexual harassment in the global arena with emphasis on Nigerian experience. A model is suggested based on legal and cultural differences and data are presented regarding the perceptions of various types of various sexual harassment. The paper concludes by analyzing data collected of 34 Nigerian women interviewed, and finally, suggestions are made on how to improve conditions of Nigerian women in the workforce.
Source: Gender and Behaviour 8, pp 2919 –2928 (2010)More Less
This study was on the roles of gender and recall types on memory loops of working memory in the elderlies. Twenty six (26) retired public civil servants were the participants used. Their mean age was 69.75 with standard deviation age of 4.32. Fourteen (14) self constructed cards were the instrument used. 2 x 2 Factor Repeated Measure Experimental design was used while 2-way ANOVA Repeated Measures was used for analyzing the data. The result showed no significant differences between gender on working memory. However, significant differences existed between recall types on memory loops, and interaction effect was found to exist between the two independent variables. It was recommended that male elderlies be exposed more on S + V loops while female elderlies be exposed on V loop for maximum information comprehension, recall and efficient memory.
Author K.O. AyenibiowoSource: Gender and Behaviour 8, pp 2929 –2947 (2010)More Less
The study examined culture, and gender as predictors of gender-roles perception among undergraduates. Participants were drawn from two universities; one in the North Central and the other in the South Western regions of Nigeria. A questionnaire comprising thirty home-related activities was administered to 522 respondents from the two universities. A total of 284 of them were from the northern university (180 males and 104 females) while the remaining 238 were drawn from the southern university (109 males and 129 females). The number and percentage of respondents who considered each of the tasks as appropriate for man, woman or either of the two were calculated. Chi2 test was used to compare the responses of the four groups of respondents The results indicated that both culture and gender determine perception of gender-roles. The southern participants showed greater flexibility in their perception. (i.e. they considered more jobs as appropriate for either of the two sexes). Furthermore, the tendency to perceive most tasks as appropriate for women was found more among the southern female participants than the other three groups. The findings were attributed to differences in levels of urbanization, educational attainment of parents and cultural values.