n Gender and Behaviour - Gender and leadership style as socio-demographic indicators of job satisfaction in Akwa Ibom State Civil Service




The influence of Gender and Leadership Style on job satisfaction was investigated using two hundred (200) Civil Servants made up of 100 (males) and 100 (females) randomly selected from the population of civil servants in various Ministries of Akwa Ibom State Civil Service. The mean age of the participants was 37.53 years. The participants were randomized into two treatment conditions of Gender (Male and Female) and Leadership style (Democratic and Autocratic styles). Two instruments used were, the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) and the Least Preferred Co-Worker (LPC) scale. The design of the study was a 2 x 2 randomized factorial design. Results of ANOVA showed a no statistically significant difference on the level of job satisfaction between males and females [F(1,196) = 0.02; pns]. Females were not markedly different from males in their satisfaction on the job. On the other hand there was a statistically significant difference between employees under the democratic style of leadership and their autocratic style of leadership counterparts. (F(1,196), = 10.65, P<.01). The democratic style of leadership employees were more satisfied with their jobs than the autocratic style of leadership employees. There was no significant interaction effect. The results of the analysis were discussed in line with previous and relevant findings. The practical implications of the findings and their limitations were also discussed.


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