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- Volume 28, Issue 1, 2000
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa - Volume 28, Issue 1, 2000
Volume 28, Issue 1, 2000
Author Walter KoppeSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28 (2000)More Less
Das thematisch breit angelegte Spektrum der vorliegenden Aufsätze spiegelt symptomatisch die Breite der vor der Hand liegenden Themen und Problemstellungen, mit und in denen sich der Unterricht des Deutschen als einer fremden Sprache und Kultur im südlichen Afrika in Lehre und Forschung am Ende des Millenniums herausgefordert, konfrontiert und auch bestätigt sieht. Wohin, fragt Frank Königs im Schlußteil dieses Bandes, geht die Reise? Und berührt aus der Aussenperspektive den neuralgischen Punkt aller derzeitigen Fragestellungen.
Author Alain Patrice NganangSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 9 –33 (2000)More Less
This paper draws a history of the dialectic between filming and killing, with special focus on Africa. It starts with the chronophotographic gun of Marey, which first linked photography to hunting. The violence of that dialectic nourished the relationship of ethnography to the African subject at the beginning of the 20th century, mainly in the films of Hans Schomburgk. On the background of colonialism, Schomburgk's filmmaking became murderous. Ethnography moved beyond such a cinematography through the participative camera of Jean Rouch, although even Rouch's cinematography did not fully accept the subjectivity of the African hunter. The point is made that the African subject cannot start making films without fulfilling a medial break from the dialectical relationship of filming and killing. This paper examines this through the use of performance as a means to represent his experience, going from the theatrical praxis of Wole Soyinka, which is based on a deep aesthetic of hunting.
Author El Hadj Ibrahima DiopSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 35 –47 (2000)More Less
The image of Germany in Senegal is marked by French ideas concerning its European neighbour. In France there are two parallel and independent tendencies when it comes to the perception of Germany - a literary-philosophical one and a political-ethnic one. The philosophical-literary perspective is characterised by the interpretation of important aspects of German thought, and specific values are attached to it. The political-ethnic perspective attempts to describe the German mentality. In contrast to the philosophical-literary interpretation it is primarily negative. The Senegalese image of Germany is dominated by two strands - the first is widespread, while the second is only held by the country's intellectual elite. The image of Germany held by Senegalese journalists concentrates on topics like right-wing doctrines and activities in Germany, xenophobia and German development aid. The academic image of Germany concentrates mainly on the country's philosophy and literature.
Geteilter Geschichtsraum - gemeinsame Geschichte : Eine Millennium-Perspektive zur deutsch-jüdischen LiteraturAuthor Florian KrobbSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 49 –59 (2000)More Less
The Jews have been the only sizeable, ever-present and geographically spread-out minority in the societies of German-speaking central Europe. The main concern of the Jewish literary discourse and particularly a literature that might be called "German-Jewish" was to define the position of the minority in a majority society. For almost a millennium, since the first Hebrew chronicle of German Jews in 1096 to very recent fiction, German-Jewish literature reflects the experience of a shared history. Only since the age of the Enlightenment did the desire take root to interpret the shared history as a common history. The holocaust, rather than "ending" German-Jewish history, gave the discourse and literature on questions of the shared and common nature of German-Jewish history a new intensity and urgency.
Author Gunther PakendorfSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 61 –73 (2000)More Less
At the heart of Goethe's description in his autobiography of his encounter with Friederike Brion is his account of a story-telling scene : The protagonist, at that time a student of law at Strasbourg, regales his young friends, among them Friederike and her sister, with a fairy-tale of his own invention, Das Märchen von der Neuen Melusine. Goethe stresses the overwhelming impression of his narration on his listeners but withholds the actual story from his readers. An analysis of the fairy-tale, as it appeared in Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, reveals fears and anxieties in the author with regard to both his own sexuality and the potential threat contained in an intimate encounter with a woman, thereby shedding an interesting light on Goethe's relationship with, and abrupt departure from Friederike.
Jean Paul : Die Poetik des "Zettelkasten" : Assoziationspsychologie und die Ästhetik eines phantastischen RealismusSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 75 –85 (2000)More Less
This paper analyses Jean Paul's famous "Zettelkastenprinzip" - which was in fact a collection of notebooks that contain extracts of his extensive reading, accompanied by a register of keywords - as the organising principle of his aesthetic perception of the world. This "system" of notes does not rely so much on an hierarchical order of concepts descending from an transcendental, abstract category to the specific phenomenological one, as on the psychological principle of association. According to this theory, which was developed by Hartley, Young, Locke and Hume and popularised by Jean Paul's philosophical teacher, Ernst Platner, in Germany new phenomena are not merely subordinated to the existing system but are appended to the existing web of associations, thereby making possible new associations and reassembling existing lines of association. The "Zettelkasten" therefore presents an open-ended structure which could be compared to Deleuze's concept of the rhizome and nomad-thought as opposed to the arboreal structure of royal science. Jean Paul's style is characterised by a cascade of metaphors which are joined by the laws of similarity, opposition or contiguity. Its aesthetic effects are mobility, speed and the surprise attack.
Author Anna MilanowskiSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 87 –96 (2000)More Less
The work of Tadeusz Rittner (1873 Lemberg - 1921 Bad Gastein), the bilingual dramatist, celebrated at the Burg Theatre, poet and author of several novels and critical reviews, is to be included in the corpus of both Polish and Austrian literature. Rittner's life and work are an excellent example of the kind of bilingualism and multiple loyalty often encountered in the Donau monarchy. Although Rittner describes himself expressly as a Pole, this was by no means contradictory in Austria at that time. Rittner's work is part of a central European cultural space which includes Polish literature. This cultural space is at the same time an index of Austrian literary identity. In its liberal end-phase, the Habsburg monarchy functioned as substitute for a multinational central European state, and its capital Vienna presented itself as a miniature of the multi-cultural state. It was a precursor of today's world with its complex identity crises, and at the same time a magnet for fertile interactions between the centre and the periphery.
Author Carlotta Von MaltzanSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 97 –106 (2000)More Less
Throughout his life Klaus Mann could never satisfactorily resolve the basic conflict between his individual needs and his social conscience, i.e. between individualism and collectivism. While his writings and especially his autobiographies reflect this preoccupation, they also show that he becomes increasingly aware of being an outsider. This realisation is manifested in his incessant need to travel, accompanied by his inability to ever gain a sense of belonging. This paper argues that his experiences in North Africa underwrite this antinomical structure in his thinking and his writings in that they satisfied his desire for transgression while confining him to his identity as a European.
"Die Vergangenheit als solche gibt es nicht" - wirklich nicht? Die Auseinandersetzung mit der Vergangenheit in der deutschen Literatur der neunziger JahreAuthor Hans-Jorg KnoblochSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 107 –118 (2000)More Less
The German literature of the 90s was highly politicised. The main reason for this was the German. One consequence of the unification was that East German history tended to be viewed retrospectively from the perspective of its collapse. Another was that after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Federal Republic with its forty-year history had ceased to exist in its previous form. Moreover, the re-establishment of a powerful German state in the centre of Europe evoked a new discussion about the national-socialist past. This article traces the political discourse of the 90s as it is reflected in a number of German novels of this period.
Literarische Übersetzungsforschung als Instrument des Literaturstudiums am Ende des 20. JahrhundertsAuthor Sabine Strumper-KrobbSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 119 –131 (2000)More Less
Literary translation studies can play an important role in the teaching of literary texts. The translation of any literary text can be seen as a process to "rewrite", and to some extent manipulate, the text. A comparison of original and translation often makes the norms that influence the rewriting visible, and thus helps towards a more critical understanding of both the source and the target culture. An analysis of the only English translation of Christa Wolf's novella Der geteilte Himmel/Divided Heaven shows both the manipulation of the original through translation, and emphasises specific narrative elements of the source text. By suppressing elements that challenge the literary norms of "Socialist Realism" and some of the criticism directed at the young GDR state, the translation - commissioned by a subsidiary of the GDR publishing company Volk und Welt - adapts the text to official GDR ideology. A look at the differences between original and translation can thus highlight narrative and cultural elements that make the source text specific.
Author Rainer KusslerSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 133 –145 (2000)More Less
The article is intended to introduce computer-assisted language teaching to language practitioners with little or no prior knowledge of the field. It was conceived as part of an M.Phil. programme in Hypermedia for Language Learning which is offered by the author, and attempts to outline the present state of computer-assisted language instruction as a function of formative historical developments, and to provide a preview of things to come. Although the report is of a general nature, the software examples and websites referred to mainly pertain to German as a foreign language.
Wohin geht die Reise? : Beobachtungen und Überlegungen zu Trends und Entwicklungen im Fach Deutsch als FremdspracheAuthor Frank G. KonigsSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 147 –158 (2000)More Less
Since 1996 there has been a continuous debate in the teaching of German as a Foreign Language aimed at defining the aims and goals of the discipline. This paper takes these debates as a starting point and investigates the problem of constitutive developments in the teaching of German as a Foreign Language, as well as looking at future perspectives. It addresses questions of research into textbooks, autonomy of teachers, implementation of new media, intercultural learning and multi-lingualism. The paper ends by presenting prognoses for further development of the discipline.
Author Peter HornSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 159 –166 (2000)More Less
Was ich hier zu bieten habe, ist eine höchst "Unzeitgemäße Betrachtung", unzeitgemäß in dem Sinne, in dem die "Philosophie", als Liebe zu irgendeiner Form von Wahrheit, nie sonderlich "zeitgemäß" war, und höchstens dazu diente, andere, viel lukrativere Zwecke mit Kulturellem zu verbrämen.
Dunkle Archive der Seele in hellen Gebärden des Körpers. Die Antropologie der neusachlichen Prosa, Gabriella Hima : BuchbesprechungenSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 167 –169 (2000)More Less
Die paradoxe Metapher von Béla Balázs, die der Studie der ungarischen Komparatistin, Gabriella Hima, den Titel gibt, fungiert zugleich als Brennspiegel, in dem die Strahlen ungarischer, österreichischer und deutscher Literaturen, die jeweils von Deszsö Kosztolányi, Joseph Roth, Erich Kästner und Irmgard Keun vertreten werden, konvergieren, um neue Bezüge innerhalb einer bisher fast ausschließlich als deutsches Phänomen aufgefaßten literarischen Richtung aufleuchten zu lassen. Damit stellt Gabriella Hima einen Topos der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft in Frage, demzufolge es sich bei der neusachlichen Prosa um ein Produkt der "weimaranischen Inzucht" handele, das auf eine literarische Bewegung während der Zwischenkriegszeit in Deutschland beschränkt war. Stattdessen definiert sie in Anlehnung an Joseph Roth die Sachlichkeit als "de[n] wache[n] Sinn für die Wirklichkeit", den es zumindest seit zweihundert Jahren in "der belletristischen Literatur aller europäischen Länder" gegeben habe, außer in der deutschen, wo ein Neologismus wie Neusachlichkeit erfunden wurde, da nur dem deutschen Volk "die Sachlichkeit 'neu' erscheinen konnte".
Metaphysics without Truth : On the importance of consistency with Nietzche's philosophy, Stefan Lorenz Sorgner : BuchbesprechungenSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 28, pp 170 –172 (2000)More Less
The central thesis of this extremely well-argued book, the published version of a Ph.D. dissertation obtained jointly from the Philosophy Departments at King's College/ University of London and the University of Durham, which received high praise from such renowned professors of philosophy as David E. Cooper, Chris Long and David Owen, is that Nietzsche developed in his unpublished writings, the Nachgelassene Fragmente, a concept of the will to power that constitutes a metaphysical "system" which describes the world as it is.