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- Volume 29, Issue 1, 2001
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa - Volume 29, Issue 1, 2001
Volume 29, Issue 1, 2001
Author Walter KoppeSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29 (2001)More Less
Grenzen - alte, neue war das Leit-Thema der 20. Tagung des Germanistenverbandes im Südlichen Afrika vom 29. - 31. März 2001 in Johannesburg gewesen - der vorliegende Band enthält eine Auswahl von Beiträgen zu dieser Tagung. Katharina von Hammerstein, Michael Aulbach und Arnd Witte denken und schreiben mit dem Blick auf die Frage der Legitimation. Wie sich Inhalte lernerorientiert curricular kontextualisieren und über die Verknüpfung mit Nachbar-Disziplinen lebensnah verankern lassen, nimmt Katharina von Hammerstein aus amerikanisch pragmatischer Sicht in den Blick.
German Across the Curriculum : Global Thinking and Interdisciplinary Innovation in Auslandsgermanistik : Legitimationsfragen der AuslandgermanistikAuthor Katharina Von HammersteinSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 9 –20 (2001)More Less
German Across the Curriculum (GAC) is part of the innovative concept of Languages Across the Curriculum (LAC) which promotes the study and use of foreign languages throughout the curriculum. GAC contextualizes the learning of the German language and culture by establishing conceptual links to disciplines in the social sciences, natural sciences, arts, and humanities. This innovative approach is a response to concerns regarding the disjointed nature of students' education and their insufficient cross-cultural competence. It allows students to consistently apply their German skills to subject matter of their choice and expertise and thus responds to students' career needs for practical language skills in a global workplace. While GAC has been developed for US colleges, the concept and practice can be applied to Auslandsgermanistik around the globe. This article will outline the theory and practice of GAC, demonstrate various teaching models, and critically assess challenges practitioners of GAC must confront.
Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Senegal : Geschichte und Gegenwart : Legitimationsfragen der AuslandgermanistikAuthor Michael AulbachSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 21 –38 (2001)More Less
This article presents the situation of teaching of German in Senegal. As a legacy of colonial times, it was first dominated by French, from the seventies on by German teachers. When Germany came into the leading position, it immediately encouraged the process of africanization. Today German is taught by African teachers and professors trained on both continents, Africa and Europe (Germany, Austria and France). After a short overview about the history of German in Senegalese educational institutions, the paper focusses on its present situation on high-school and university-level. The department of German Studies at the University of Dakar is in the heart of the presentation that leads from curriculum to an analysis of a questionnaire about the motivation and interest of the students and their later job- perspectives.
Deutschstudium grenzwertig? Legitimationsprobleme einer Germanistik in (West-)Afrika Das Beispiel Nigeria : Legitimationsfragen der AuslandgermanistikAuthor Arnd WitteSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 39 –50 (2001)More Less
This article examines some of the main arguments used to justify the subject of German Studies at universities in sub-Saharan African countries in the past twenty years. Rather than discussing these arguments only within the theoretical discourse, they are also examined in respect of their practical validity in an African country, namely Nigeria. It is characteristic of the discourse on the legitimacy of German in Africa that it aims at the continent Africa as a whole. The author argues for a re-focussing of arguments along the lines of the intercultural approach : Rather than transforming the African continent socially and politically, the study of German should first and foremost aim to decenter the mind of students in order to enhance students' interpretation and experience of self and other.
Author Heike BartelSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 51 –64 (2001)More Less
Pindarfragmente is the generic term for nine texts which can be regarded as the culmination of Friedrich Hölderlin's development as a translator. Written at the beginning of the 19th century, they cross boundaries between many different areas: Ancient Greece and the Swabian poet's Germany, Pindar's Divine office and Hölderlin's poetry, translation, commentary and free poetic interpretation. By analysing one of the Pindarfragmente, the fourth one entitled Vom Delphin, this essay aims to unfold the workings inherent in all nine of them: their polyphonic and multi-dimensional character which is represented in three prominent figures introduced by Pindar, the hybrid centaur, the chameleon-like octopus and the flexible and playful dolphin.
Author Julia SchollSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 65 –76 (2001)More Less
The following paper raises once again the question of the tragic elements in Kleist's comedies. It endeavures to answer it by investigating the female characters Alkmene in Amphitryon and Eve in Der zerbrochene Krug. Both are reminiscent of Schiller's concept of the "beautiful soul" which embodies a balanced harmony of duty and inclination, sensibility and moral sense (Sinnlichkeit und Sittlichkeit). But while being confronted with the demands of the people close to them, both women lose their innocent happiness and their natural faithfullness (Urvertrauen). They become innocently guilty and by that establish the classical concept of tragedy within Kleist's comedies.
Von Grenzen, Wänden und anderen Wahngebilden : Zur Grenzerfahrung im Werk Wolfgang Koeppens (1906-1996) : Germanistik im AuslandAuthor Eckhardt MomberSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 77 –86 (2001)More Less
Not yet fifty, Wolfgang Koeppen fought against some kind of writer's block, at first travelling, then trying new beginnings and staying with fragments. But the novelist would not have agreed with that version of a writer's block. And his work, read under the aspect of border experience concedes that he was right in this. There are borders, boundaries and frontiers in his novels - borders between countries, simple and / or sophisticated walls out of stone or glass, outside and inside partitions. For Koeppen, the horror of truth lies behind walls. Considering this, Koeppen was right to refuse what might be called writer's block. Instead, to write or not to write had to be a lifelong traumatic struggle.
Zur Schuldfragediskussion in politisch-kulturellen Zeitschriften der westlichen Besatzungszonen in Deutschland 1945-1949 : Germanistik im AuslandAuthor Ingrid LaurienSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 87 –98 (2001)More Less
Immediately after Second World War, Germans were confronted with the question of collective and individual guilt. It was not only the Allies who prescribed a thorough change of the whole society through Denazification and Re-education. The question of guilt also played a major role in a great number of cultural journals which appeared during the interregnum between the end of the Second World War 1945 and the Currency Reform of 1948. Titles like "Die Wandlung", "Merkur", or "Frankfurter Hefte" are still known today. The journals were the medium through which German journalists, writers and scholars, most of them from a liberal-conservative background, tried to find their own way of dealing with the question of collective guilt. The causes of the "German Desaster" were mainly seen in the failure of the educated individual towards the masses and in the framework of a general decline of occidental values. Deeply rooted in the intellectual traditions of Geistesgeschichte and metaphysical philosophy, the German intellectuals were still thinking in the paradigma of leader and masses, thus envisaging themselves as leaders into a better, more democratic society. After the currency reform of 1948, the majority of the journals could not survive market conditions, and the dreams of spirirtual leadership vanished in the upcoming new German society.
Author Heinz WetzelSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 99 –108 (2001)More Less
The unification of Germany in 1990 was preceded by a public debate about its political desirability and moral justification; Grass and Walser participated prominently. Grass believed that yet another attempt to unify Germany was both harmful and inappropriate. Walser claimed that unification was both necessary and timely; he yearned for an object of his sense of national belonging. The two writers often directed their polemical arguments against each other, explicitly or implicitly. Since the polemical formulation of their arguments impeded any detailed critical consideration, the debate suffered from serious deficits. However, it also revealed the positions of both writers exceptionally well: While Grass steadfastly insisted on his enlightened rationality, pushing its application to reality to extremes, Walser's polemics revealed both a new emotionalism and an outspoken anti-intellectualism. His desire to liberate himself from a united Germany's recent past ignores the continuing suffering of the victims.
Zur Überwindung geographischer und Konstruktion mentaler Grenzen am Beispiel europäisch-asiatischer Kulturbegegnungen : RahmenbedingungenAuthor Kerstin GernigSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 109 –122 (2001)More Less
Travelogues of European (especially German) travellers in Japan between 1853 and 1914 represent documents of a very specific transgression of frontiers. Due to the politics of self-isolation for over 200 years, Japan offers an example for the specific importance of political, economical and cultural frontiers. When the American Commodore Perry in 1853 forced the country to open its frontiers, a new chapter in Japanese History began, the beginning of an intense Japanese-European cultural transfer and exchange. The hypothesis of the article is that the transgression of geographical frontiers is not necessarily linked to the transgression of mental frontiers. The article, therefore, focusses on the complex literary construction of the relationship between geographical, mental and semiotic boundaries.
Author Ulrike ErnstSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 123 –136 (2001)More Less
The assumption underlying my discussion of the way in which collective identity and its formation changes under post-national conditions, is that globalisation fundamentally affects the function and legitimacy of the democratic procedures operating in the social welfare state. Acknowledging that identity is a process of construction of meaning related to a set of cultural attributes that are prioritized over other sources of meaning, I follow Manuel Castells suggestions of three types of origin of identity formation. Where Castells focusses on social movements as potential subjects which interfere in the struggle of cultural codes, I underline the role of intellectuals. I shall argue that one can find three intellectual constitutions that reify the collective identity patterns according to their functions in societies. I propose a topography of intellectuals that describes resistance-intellectuals, legitimizing-intellectuals and project-intellectuals. The role of the latter will be highlighted since the creative, constructive, and imaginative parts of society are challenged to overcome retrospective identity formation.
The feel of velvet : reflections, with and against Michael Walzer, on the 1989 European revolutions : RahmenbedingungenAuthor Ulrike KistnerSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 137 –148 (2001)More Less
Without an explicit reference to Kant's metaphysics of morals, Walzer's project here is to invert the Kantian schema of moral philosophy. This is what I would like to contest in this article. I would like to re-instate the validity of a politics and ethics based on universalisable maxims, not be demoted to moral minimalism. Far from being simple and single-minded, such universalism is the foundation for a moral sensus communis, from which identifications flow. This departure from and inversion of Kantian maxims in the work of Walzer and Laclau is in part due to the peculiarities of the object of their descriptions - namely the uprisings in Eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s. These articulate simultaneously a pre-political experience of violation, and the conditions of possibility for the political, for which an irreducible ethical universalism remains indispensable. The misrecognition of the political driving force in the so-called velvet revolutions has its own effect : namely that of re-interpreting the pre-political in the light of the post-political, and assimilating them to each other. In this paper, I would like to prize them apart, and examine the constituent power that lies in the space inbetween.
Author Michael Anton BohmSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 149 –156 (2001)More Less
Wer sich mit der Stellung des Deutschen in den afrikanischen Staaten portugiesischer Sprache beschäftigt, kommt nicht umhin, sich zunächst einmal die Gegebenheiten im Bildungsbereich dieser Länder vor Augen zu führen. Die Probleme sind exemplarisch für die heutige Situation in vielen afrikanischen Staaten: Mangelnde Qualität und Effizienz auf allen Ebenen des Bildungswesens, fehlende Bildungseinrichtungen vor allem im Sekundarschulbereich und im Bereich Hochschule, ein eklatantes Stadt-Land-Ungleichgewicht, mangelhafte Lehrerausbildung und niedrige Besoldung des Lehrpersonals, oft unzulängliche Ausrüstung der Schulen, zu wenig Schulmaterialien und Lehrbüchern und eine hohe Abbrecherquote schon in der Primarschule. In Angola und Mosambik kommen noch erschwerend die Auswirkungen langjähriger Bürgerkriege hinzu, die die Infrastruktur im Bildungswesen ganz erheblich in Mitleidenschaft gezogen haben. Nur vor diesem Hintergrund können die Chancen des Fremdsprachenunterrichts generell und des Deutschen im besonderem adäquat bewertet werden.
Das neue Zertifikat Deutsch : Eine Herausforderung für den Deutschunterricht an südafrikanischen Schulen und Hochschulen : MaterialienAuthor Rolf AnnasSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 157 –164 (2001)More Less
In January 2000, the "threshold user" examination for German as a foreign language "Zertifikat Deutsch als Fremdsprache" (ZDaF), was replaced by a revised certificate, the "Zertifikat Deutsch" (ZD). This new examination was used at South African universities for the first time at the end of 2000. It was found that students coped equally well with the new examination although no significant curriculum changes were introduced during the year. Nevertheless, in order to reflect the objectives of the new examination, a revision of curricula and teaching methods is essential. This paper makes some suggestions as to how this can be achieved, also by referring to new teaching materials which are based on the objectives of the ZD and which prepare students for the new examination.
The Dance of Kanakans : Kultur in der Fremde! Migrantenliteratur(en) und die außereuropäischen Literaturen in ihrem soziokulturellen bzw. ökonomischen Kontext : PositionenAuthor Anant KumarSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 29, pp 165 –170 (2001)More Less
Verehrtes Publikum, Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, dankend für die Einladung versuche ich meinem Vortragsthema anhand zweier Essays gerecht zu werden. Die erste Reportage thematisiert eine Momentaufnahme der Migrantenkultur(en) im gegenwärtigen Europa samt ihren Sehnsüchten. Die darauf aufbauende Reflexion »Muttersprache, Fremdsprache und Dichtung« stellt die Poetologie meines Schaffens in der Fremdsprache Deutsch dar: THE DANCE OF KANAKANS: Kultur in der Fremde!