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- Volume 35, Issue 1, 2007
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa - Volume 35, Issue 1, 2007
Volume 35, Issue 1, 2007
Author Cem SengulSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 9 –23 (2007)More Less
Side-swipes for the Nicolaites. On a recurring topic in Jean Paul.
The works of Jean Paul reveal a considerable number of allusions to Friedrich Nicolai and his influential review journal Allgemeine Deutsche Bibliothek as well as to its numerous contributors (which Jean Paul often refers to as "Nicolaites"). Whilst having learned and excerpted extensively from the journal as a student, in the late 1790s he started writing invectives ("Ausfälle") against the reviewers, e.g. in Quintus Fixlein, Siebenkäs, Titan and Giannozzo. In the new century, the Nicolaites represented an anachronism ("Achtzehnjahrhunderter"), and he castigated their ignorance of the genius of contemporary literature.
Author Eva-Maria SiegelSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 25 –37 (2007)More Less
Travels by sea / to see
Foucault counted the ship amongst the 'greatest arsenal of imagination' of the civilisation process since the16th century. This paper analyses the relationship between seafaring as a global and ambivalent instrument of economic development and the processes of spatial perception with regard to three periods. Around 1800 Georg Forster describes in his Travels around the World perceptions as part of a scientific strategy of seeing. Dependent on the representations of power of the Dutch-East-India-Company it turns its attention at the same time during its stay in the service of the British Crown. Around 1900 the focus of the perception of the Other is directed towards the building and stabilisation of the relationships between colonial politics and missionary activity. This can be seen particularly clearly in the Collected Writings of the Austrian missionary in Africa Franz Mayr. They prepare traditions of excluding the indigenous population, but are participating at the same time in their cultural knowledge production. Hans Pleschinski's Novel at Sea, published shortly before the turn of the millenium, stages again with wit and deeper meaning the traditions of the Christian Seafaring - this time as a cultural detective novel, which turns self-ironically against the customs of the old world. This investigation provides information on how the literary motif of seafaring changes during modern times.
Author Andreas HettigerSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 39 –51 (2007)More Less
So near - so far : the telephone as medium of longing in Franz Kafka's novel "The Castle"
Kafka's fascination with the medium of the telephone, whose career as a communicative mass medium started in the twenties of the 20th century, is evident in the novel "The Castle"; the communicative paradox of distance and proximity, the power of the apparatus over the person one is talking to, and the play on identities. In the "cold medium" of the telephone (Marshal McLuhan), which refers to a person opposite who is not there, one can find a basic motif of the novel: the futile striving to become part of a communicating association. In a further frame the contribution focuses on the friction between a post-war society which is changing rapidly both technologically and socially, and the individual in the literary figure of the surveyor K.
Source: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 53 –66 (2007)More Less
The peeled onion or the poetry and truth of Günter Grass
The revelation in Günter Grass' book of memoirs, Beim Häuten der Zwiebel (Peeling the Onion), that he had served as a 17-year old in the Waffen-SS in the last months of World War II caused such a storm in the media worldwide that it dominated the debate sparked by the publication of the book in August and September 2006 to the virtual exclusion of any other considerations. And indeed, both the author's public utterances at the time and the attitude displayed in the book indicate that he was at pains to disguise perhaps more than he was prepared to admit about past guilt or complicity. This paper suggests that one way to approach Beim Häuten der Zwiebel is to read it as a meta-textual picaresque novel based on Grass' experiences in the period 1939-1959. Various literary devices employed to achieve this are examined, primarily the use of roles adopted from literary tradition, e.g. Grimmelshausen's Simplicissimus or elements of Goethe's biography. Thus reality and fiction, historical truth and subjective memory are juxtaposed to produce a constant tension and openness characteristic more of fictional than of historical discourse.
Die Imagination der Fremdwahrnehmung : Peter Handkes Suche nach Wirklichkeit und ihre kontroverse RezeptionAuthor Stephan MuhrSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 67 –84 (2007)More Less
The imagination of the perception of the foreign. Peter Handke's search for reality and its controversial reception
"Eine winterliche Reise zu den Flüssen Donau, Save, Morawa und Drina oder Gerechtigkeit für Serbien" could be interpreted as what Handke calls an inductive method for evading the postmodern context of delusion. Contextualizing Handke's engagement in former Yugoslavia in his earlier works, I argue in this paper that his experiments with the perception of 'Unmittelbarkeit' must fall back on the belief in the unshakeable identification of what reality is. This even applies to his strategies of indicating only indifference towards all possibilities of describing reality. Nevertheless, such literary techniques of apparition of the non-identical might be convincing, as they reflect insight into the impossibility of identification. Text analyses of documents following the publication of "Eine winterliche Reise" in 1996 prove how the motif of non-identification was perpetuated, systematically leading to the non-awarding (sic) of the Heinrich Heine-Preis in 2006.
Fiktion oder literarische Geschichtsschreibung ? : eine Quellenanalyse von Uwe Timms historischen Roman MorengaAuthor Roland SchmiedelSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 85 –101 (2007)More Less
Fiction or literary historical writing? An analysis of the sources of UweTimm's historical novel Morenga
In this paper, Uwe Timm's sources for Morenga will be traced. As the result shows, Timm made use of more sources than cited. But precisely these concealed sources are of vital interest regarding the degree of truthfulness in the narration and thus the reconstruction of Namibian history.
Author Monika SzczepaniakSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 103 –112 (2007)More Less
The man as saviour. The battle of the sexes and the discourse of hope in Oskar Kokoschka and Dea Loher
The expressionist painter and dramatist Oskar Kokoschka performed in 1909 his one-act play Mörder, Hoffnung der Frauen in the Garden Theatre of the International Art Exhibition in Vienna, which earned him the scanalous aura of the artist who was the "Oberwildling". In 1997 Dea Loher's Drama Blaubart - Hoffnung der Frauen was performed for the first time, the title of which refers to Kokoschka. This contribution will compare the versions of the battle of the sexes, which derive from different cultural contexts, to characterise female hopes with relation to men (in the times of the manliness crises around 1900 and 2000) and to interpret the irritating titles.
Hans Christoph Buchs Roman : Kain und Abel in Afrika. Zwischen kultureller Alterität und literarischer Auseinandersetzung mit dem ruandischen VölkermordAuthor Simplice AgossaviSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 113 –127 (2007)More Less
Hans Christoph Buchs Novel : Kain und Abel in Afrika. Between cultural alterity and literary debate with the Ruandan genocide
Hans Christoph Buch's novel deals with the Ruandan genocide. Underlying this text is the travelogue of the Africa explorer, Richard Kandt. The entwinement of fiction and historical events confers on the novel a documentary character. The novel outlines on several levels African situations and conditions. At the same time it gives a multifaceted characterization of the way in which European travellers or explorers throughout the centuries perceived and are still perceiving faraway places. This essay reflects on these different aspects from a hermeneutic point of view.
Communicamus, ergo sum : Interkulturelles Fremdsprachenlernen und seine Implikationen für IdentitätskonstrukteAuthor Arnd WitteSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 129 –141 (2007)More Less
Communicamus, ergo sum. Intercultural learning of foreign languages and its implications for identity constructs
This article discusses the changes imposed upon individual constructs of identity by the process of foreign language learning in its advanced stages. The first part of the article focuses on the construct of identity which is understood to be a narrative of self that is to some extent fictitious and to some extent real, which leaves room for variations on the past. The notion of identity of self is a central concept in all cultures, therefore the poststructuralist demands for its abandonment should be resisted and countered with the notion of a dynamic, multilayered and non-essential self. Since the construct of identity, like every construct, relies on language and its underlying cultural patterns, it is prone to fundamental change when alternative concepts of social construction are encountered in the process of learning a foreign language and its cultural context. Thus a truly intercultural platform for the construction of identity can be generated which serves for a broadening of constructs of identity in an intercultural dimension.
Author Carlotta Von MaltzanSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 143 –155 (2007)More Less
Der 1955 in West-Berlin geborene Autor Lutz van Dijk arbeitete zunächst als Sonderschullehrer in Hamburg. Er engagierte sich als junger Lehrer vor allem in der Friedens- und Menschenrechtsarbeit, veröffentlichte bereits pädagogische und historische Fachbücher und 1988 sein erstes Jugendbuch. Im Jahr 1992 entschloss er sich, nach Amsterdam zu ziehen, um dort im Anne Frank Haus in einem internationalen Team Unterrichtsmaterialien zum interkulturellen Lernen zu entwickeln.
Biedermeier. Die Erfindung der Einfachheit, Hans Ottomeyer, Klaus Albrecht Schröder, Laurie Winters (Hg.) : BuchbesprechungenAuthor Martin A. VolkerSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 157 –159 (2007)More Less
Die Epoche zwischen Wiener Kongress und der Revolution von 1848 wird gemeinhin als Biedermeierzeit bezeichnet und oft unterschätzt. Leichtfertig reduziert man sie auf jene Verklärung familiärer Häuslichkeit und Spießbürgerlichkeit, die dem Begriff Biedermeier bis heute anhaftet.
Source: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 35, pp 159 –162 (2007)More Less