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- Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013
Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa - Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013
Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013
Author Carlotta Von MaltzanSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp i –ii (2013)More Less
Im April 2013 fand in Potchefstroom die 26. Tagung des SAGV zum Thema 'Reisen und Wissenschaft' statt, wie aus einigen Beiträgen im ersten Teil dieses Bands hervorgeht.
The first part of this volume is dedicated to contributions emerging from the 26th Conference of the South African German Studies Association on 'Travel and Science', held in Potchefstroom in April 2013.
,,Der Wissenschaft und meinem Vaterlande ersprießliche Dienste leisten"
Emil Holub : Südafrika-Reisen am Rande der WissenschaftsparadigmenAuthor Florian KrobbSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 9 –22 (2013)More Less
"Profitably Serving Science and my Fatherland". Emil Holub : journeys in South Africa at the edge of the scientific paradigm
Emil Holub (1847-1902) published two extensive works on his two stays in southern Africa in the 1870s and 1880s respectively, and on the various expeditions into the interior that he undertook on these occasions. Both reveal traits that can be regarded as typical for the discourse of exploration and conquest, even though he did not travel in the service of any of the major colonial powers scrambling for position at the time. Here, his justificatory strategies and his compulsive practice of collecting are analysed as features characteristic of, on the one hand, the explorer as entrepreneur and, on the other, the explorer as epitome of the aporias of the so-called civilizing process.
Subalterne konnten sprechen
(Dis-)Positionen von AfrikanerInnen und Afro-Amerikanern in und zu Deutschland und Österreich des 19. JahrhundertsAuthor Katharina Von HammersteinSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 23 –41 (2013)More Less
The subaltern could speak. (Dis-)positions of Africans and Afro-Americans in and towards Germany and Austria in the latter nineteenth century
This article analyses five rare voices of African and African American visitors to Germany and/or Austria between 1847 and 1897: Kwasi Boakye and Jabolëy Domëi from the Gold Coast, J.C. Nayo Bruce from Togo, Friedrich Maharero from former German Southwest Africa and W.E.B. Du Bois from the United States of America. Against the backdrop of Mary Louise Pratt's concept of contact zones between colonized and colonizers, Pierre Bourdieu's concept of social space and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's question "Can the subaltern speak?" this paper investigates how these travellers' short texts represent the speakers' experiences with and relationships to the visited German and/or Austrian Other; which positions in the shared social space they occupied; what traces of a subject position and agency we can find; and how the speakers' positions vis-à-vis existing power structures shaped their dispositions vis-à-vis the cultures they visited.
Author Julia AugartSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 42 –55 (2013)More Less
The travelling detective. The investigator in German crime fiction set in Africa
First examples of German crime fiction set on the African continent have been written in the 1970s. However, since the 1990s, but especially in the 21st century it has become a popular genre due to a general popularity of Africa in German fiction and the rise of African crime fiction by non-African and African authors alike. German crime fiction in Africa is set in various African countries and features different crimes and motives as well as differing detections. Nonetheless, they are mainly investigated and solved by a German investigator. This article outlines German crime fiction set in Africa, the characteristics of the investigator figure and his/her function in crime fiction. Furthermore, the paper presents and analyzes different types and selected examples of the investigator in German crime fiction in Africa. Finally, their motivation to investigate on the African continent and the motif to set German crime fiction in Africa is discussed.
Author Marion PapeSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 56 –71 (2013)More Less
Through wild South-West Africa. Gerhard Seyfried's Herero
Gerhard Seyfried's historical novel Herero (2003) about the colonial war between Germany and the Herero people in South-West Africa (1904-06) has been criticised as a continuation of colonialist writing with regard to the representation of the Other as well as its narrative structure. Moreover, it allegedly denies the Herero-genocide. This paper argues that despite the novel's obvious shortcomings, the criticism has been too general and polemic. Although its narrative structure caters for a popular mainstream taste, Herero is neither a continuation of the colonial novel nor is it apologetic in respect of the colonial period. Instead, it has clear anti-colonial and even post-colonial characteristics in its representation of the Other. In giving the Herero and Nama a voice - albeit an imagined one - Seyfried is able to represent the genocide from the other perspective, that is the victim's without canonising them.
Author Nadja ReinhardSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 72 –82 (2013)More Less
Journeys into the 'inner Africa' : Christoph Martin Wieland and Volker Braun
This paper investigates the significance of the concept the 'inner Africa' in texts by Wieland and Braun. The 20th century author highlights the longing for warmth and openness symbolized by the African interior, but as is the case in Wieland's writing, Braun's poem also foregrounds the antithesis of colonization which destroyed the assumed purity of the native. Similarly socialist dictatorship under the GDR can be regarded as a process of colonization, treating its people as 'negroes'. In 'Transit Europa' Africans try to escape from their inner Africa, which has become oppressive and full of misery. It is shown that Braun's texts can be related to Wieland's works grounded in ethical reason as he had already identified Africa as a site for colonization and of the encounter with unconscious desires. Braun's ironic critique of power can thus be traced to Wieland's insights in the age of enlightenment.
Author Patrice DjoufackSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 83 –102 (2013)More Less
Adoption or beyond tolerance. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing's Nathan der Weise
Lessing's play Nathan der Weise has been considered as one of the works of enlightenment in which the topic of tolerance is foregrounded best. Instead of taking this view as a starting point, the paper shifts the attention from tolerance to adoption, analysing the latter as a cultural practice that enables a broader outlook than just focusing on tolerance, therefore permitting new insights into the relation between self and other during intercultural encounters. Thus the paper discusses the ethical and aesthetical category of wisdom to constitute the theoretical basis of the investigation, thereby demonstrating the discursive conditions which make adoption possible in the first place.
Author Dorit MullerSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 103 –118 (2013)More Less
Chamisso and Payer in the Arctic : exploring, recording and re-telling the North
The submission analyses the relationship between poetry and knowledge in travelogues and fiction in the 19th century. The study draws on texts published in the context of the Rurik-Expedition led by Otto von Kotzebue (1815-1818) and of the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition headed by Carl Weyprecht and Julius Payer (1872-1874). On the one hand the paper traces the changing scientific methods and aesthetic techniques employed by polar travellers. Whereas at the beginning of the century exploration travels follow a humanistic ideal, based on a universal broad concept of knowledge and a humble, self-reflective psychologically aware way of dealing with its subjects exploring at the end of the century involved expert knowledge, scientific competition, and a self-aggrandizing tendency. On the other hand the investigation reveals an intrinsic entanglement of epistemic and aesthetic practices. Hence, expedition travelogues use rethorical, narrative and iconographical strategies to organize knowledge, and fictional polar travels stimulate scientific discourse as they creatively rethink and discuss the nature of knowledge.
Exploring notions of identity and multiculturalism
A close reading of Zafer Şenocak's Die Prärie (1997)Author Kendall PetersenSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 119 –128 (2013)More Less
Zafer Şenocak was born in Ankara in 1961, but grew up in Istanbul and moved to Germany at the age of eight. He currently lives and works in Berlin. His novel entitled Die Prärie (1997) narrates the fragmented story of Sascha, who in turn narrates his very own (and equally fragmented) story. Sascha is a restless character and is constantly travelling and moving. Ultimately this travelling leads him to the American Prairie. Through a close reading of the novel, this paper will explore the consequences of Sascha's restlessness, particularly in terms of how it relates to the concept of multiculturalism, as well as that of national and cultural identity and identification.
Mögliche Welten und narrative Unzuverlässigkeit in Hans-Ulrich Treichels Der Papst, den ich gekannt habe (2007)Source: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 129 –138 (2013)More Less
"Journeys of deception". Possible worlds and narrative unreliability in Hans-Ulrich Treichel's Der Papst, den ich gekannt habe (2007)
This article investigates how possible world elements and focalization interact in Hans-Ulrich Treichel's Der Papst, den ich gekannt habe (2007). André Hille (2007) describes the book as "a kind of strolling through the world and the memories of the main figure". The end of the book reveals that the main character is in a psychiatric institution. The reader therefore poses the question whether the travels are only taking place in the confused mind of the narrator? Are they "journeys of deception"? What is really "true" and what is mere illusion, i.e. "invented" or "fiction"? Samuel Moser (2007) writes in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung that in the end one does not know at all where "madness" and "reality" begin and end in this book. Treichel's book presents a relationship of tension between "reality" and "fiction". Although fictions are "irrealities" or "illusions" they do, in fact, reveal knowledge or insights with regard to the real world - especially with regard to individual ambitions and uncertainties that characterize the journeys of the main character.
Author Javier MunozSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 139 –154 (2013)More Less
The origin of the 'Schauerroman' : Karl Grosse's Der Genius
This article investigates the origins of the genre 'Schauerroman' in Germany with special reference to and highlighting the significance of Karl Grosse's novel Der Genius, demonstrating also its influence on the origins of the 'gothic novel'. Nowadays this novel is virtually unknown and is usually overlooked in histories of literature, although in its plot and structure the novel displays very significant elements of the genre.
Source: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 155 –168 (2013)More Less
Bellicism of a pacifist. Stefan Zweig and Insel-Verlag during the First World War
This article critically investigates correspondence between Leipzig publisher, Anton Kippenberg and Austrian author and literary adviser Stefan Zweig. None of the letters, which date from WWI, have been published before. It has been generally accepted that the years 1915-16 marked a turning point between Zweig's involvement in the war and his later pacificist stance resulting in his emigration to Switzerland. His letters to Katharina and Anton Kippenberg, however, provide evidence that such a turning point cannot be verified given his overall ambivalent attitude during the war. Zweig's motivation in opposing the publication of Polish literature by Insel-Verlag, his nationalist and patriotic vocabulary as well as his advances towards a post in occupied Belgium show that after 1915 Zweig rather displayed a conformist stance. Moreover, as an important member in the literary scene at the time, Zweig was able to skillfully manipulate the circumstances of the war and the rhetoric it entailed.
Author Frederick HaleSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 169 –180 (2013)More Less
In 1923 the eminent Viennese philosopher, playwright, cultural historian, and theatre critic Egon Friedell turned to what by then had become an evergreen theme in European literary history by publishing his Judastragödie as an alternative explanation of what had motivated Judas Iscariot to betray Jesus. In doing so, he swam vigorously against a stream of modern efforts to rehabilitate the reputation of that despised character. Jewish in origin but a convert to Christianity of a post-orthodox sort, Friedell explored his theme against the background of first-century Judaism, which he portrayed in a deprecating light, one chapter in a long saga of materialism which was incompatible with the spirit of Jesus. It is argued that Friedell's contrarian interpretation manifested various weaknesses which rendered his portrayal of Judas self-contradictory and arguably implausible.
Der Roman des Lebens
Gerhart Hauptmanns autobiographische Selbsterkundungen in Das Abenteuer meiner Jugend und Buch der LeidenschaftAuthor Michaela HoldenriedSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 181 –194 (2013)More Less
The novel of life. Gerhart Hauptmann's autobiographical self-explorations in Das Abenteuer meiner Jugend and Buch der Leidenschaft
In the Hauptmann-year 2012 the author received renewed attention which had visibly diminished during the last decades. A voluminous biography was published by expert Peter Sprengel which however did in fact not add specifically new aspects to the image of Hauptmann, but recounted certain more or less well-known details. The following article takes into close focus Hauptmann's autobiographical writings, with their smoothing of his vita and their glorification of a strong will to be an artist, and delivers thus a critical reading of stylizations held against the backdrop of his overwhelming inclination towards myth and conceitedness.
Author Hannah GerlachSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 195 –210 (2013)More Less
Theories of relativity. The status of knowledge in Christian Kracht's Imperium
The publication of Christian Kracht's novel Imperium in 2012 was followed by a heated debate on several discriminatory terms and descriptions, which are contained in the text. The key criteria for the moral evaluation of the novel seemed to be the narrator's moral position and the earnestness of his statements. Referring to contributions by Johannes Birgfeld and Frank Finlay, this paper argues that a different approach to the novel is required: From the very beginning of the text, the perceptions of its characters are exposed as subjective or simply wrong. The narrator also repeatedly accentuates the general subjectivity of perception. Not surprisingly, a deep reading of the novel reveals contradictions in the narrator's descriptions, whereby again all assumptions of the readership concerning the content of the novel turn out to be doubtable. The uncertainty of knowledge and the relativity of perception can be considered as central themes of Krachts Imperium.
Interview mit Thomas Stangl anlässlich seiner Lesung von Der einzige Ort im Rahmen der SAGV Tagung ,,Reisen und Wissenschaft" : interviewSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 211 –214 (2013)More Less
Thomas Stangl, geboren am 4.1.1966, studierte in seinem Geburtsort Wien Philosophie und Hispanistik. Das Studium schloss er 1991 mit einer Arbeit über dekonstruktive Literaturtheorie ab. Zuerst publizierte er Essays und Buchbesprechungen aber auch kleinere Prosaarbeiten in Literaturzeitschriften und Tageszeitungen. Sein Debütroman Der einzige Ort, für den er mit dem Aspekte-Literaturpreis ausgezeichnet wurde, erschien 2004 im Droschl-Verlag. Beim gleichen Verlag wurden die zwei Romane Ihre Musik (2006) und Was kommt (2009), sowie der Essay- und Erzählband Reisen und Gespenster (2012) veröffentlicht. Sein neuester Roman Regeln des Tanzes erschien im September 2013. Thomas Stangl lebt und arbeitet in Wien.
Bezugspunkt Südafrika. Autor/Spoken Word Artist Philipp Khabo Koepsell im Gespräch mit Stefanie Schneider : interviewSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 215 –221 (2013)More Less
Philipp Khabo Koepsell, Spoken Word-Künstler und Aktivist deutsch-südafrikanischer Herkunft, geboren 1980 und aufgewachsen in Göttingen, studierte Afrikawissenschaften und Englisch an der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Sein Lyrik-Band Die Akte James Knopf. Afrodeutsche Wort- und Streitkunst erschien 2010 beim Unrast-Verlag in Münster. Philipp Khabo Koepsell ist außerdem Teil der Spoken Word/Hip Hop-Formation New Nights Babies und hat schon mit zahlreichen anderen Spoken Word-Künstlern zusammengearbeitet, unter anderem mit Chantal-Fleur Sandjon, Olumide Popoola, und Blaq Pearl. Derzeit arbeitet er an einer Anthologie mit dem Titel Arriving in the Future. Stories of Home and Exile. Die Sammlung von Gedichten und Erzählungen Schwarzer Deutscher AutorInnen wird voraussichtlich im September 2013 erscheinen.
Die Reise des deutschen Forschers Karl August Möbius nach Mauritius und zu den Seychellen 1874/1875, Ulrich van der Heyden, Matthias Glaubrecht, Uwe Pfullmann (Eds.) : book reviewSource: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 222 –223 (2013)More Less
In mancher Hinsicht repräsentiert die Insel Mauritius mikrokosmisch die Geschichte des europäischen Griffs nach Übersee in den letzten fünfhundert Jahren. Diese Geschichte behandelt Ulrich van der Heyden anschaulich in seinem Beitrag zu dem vorliegenden Band. Schon zu Beginn des neueren Entdeckungszeitalters benutzen die Portugiesen sie - wie schon die Araber vor ihnen - als maritimen Stützpunkt auf dem langen Seeweg nach Ostindien. Danach wechselt sie über in die Hände der Niederländer, die von 1638-1710 offiziell Herren der nach Moritz von Oranien benannten Insel sind, wonach sie zeitweilig als Sammelbecken für Seeräuber dient, ehe sie im 18. Jahrhundert, zur 'Île de France' umbenannt, unter französische Oberhoheit kommt, die ihrerseits nach den napoleonischen Kriegen von den Briten abgelöst wird.
Source: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 224 –225 (2013)More Less
Eine interkulturelle oder transkulturelle Germanistik müsste von einem soliden Begriff von Kultur und Zivilisation, spezifisch deutscher und europäischer Zivilisation einerseits, und afrikanischer präkolonialer, kolonialer und postkolonialer Kultur andererseits ausgehen. Eine dilettantische Annäherung an die Verschiedenheit der Kulturen hilft weder der Germanistik noch unseren südafrikanischen Studenten. Gefordert wird eine Transdisziplinarität, die auf einem Gespräch zwischen Psychologie, Psychoanalyse, Literatur- und Sprachwissenschaft, Sozial-, Politik- und Kulturwissenschaften basiert. Aus diesem Grunde ist das Buch von Penka Angelova ein notwendiger Anfang zur Auseinandersetzung zumindest mit der europäischen Zivilisation. Einen ersten Ansatz zum Verständnis von ,,Zivilisation" ermöglichte Norbert Elias mit seinen akribischen Untersuchungen. Penka Angelova verweist auch auf Karl Poppers Drei-Welten-Theorie, in der die Welt der Hervorbringungen des menschlichen Denkens ist.
Source: Acta Germanica : German Studies in Africa 41, pp 226 –227 (2013)More Less
Der Band wird eingeleitet mit Jürgen Schuttes Edition von ,,Die Entdeckung von Hodanns Quartieren in Spanien", einem bisher ungedruckten Fragment von Peter Weiss' Reisetagebuch aus dem Peter-Weiss-Archiv. Im März 1974 besuchte Peter Weiss Spanien, um Material für das Spanienkapitel der Ästhetik des Widerstands zu sammeln. Auch als Romanautor arbeitet Peter Weiss weitgehend dokumentarisch; er musste die Phantasie auf dem Boden der Wirklichkeit errichten. Peter Weiss kann in das Spanien Francos reisen und Hodanns Geschichte erforschen, weil die für den Vertreter der Staatsmacht ,,längst jegliche Aktualität verloren hatte".