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- Volume 6, Issue 1, 2012
Global Media Journal - African Edition - Volume 6, Issue 1, 2012
Volume 6, Issue 1, 2012
Author Ibrahim SalehSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp i –iii (2012)More Less
Global Media Journal, African Edition is devoted to the publication of high-quality research on Africa. Its particular focus is on understanding how media and journalism are embedded in social and cultural activities as well as the reciprocating roles between individual uses and consumption, on the one hand, and agenda building on the other hand. Such understanding requires a careful analysis of the socio-political context and the communicative processes involved.
Author Richard RooneySource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 1 –22 (2012)More Less
There are serious deficiencies in our knowledge of the press in Botswana in terms of its political economy, the professional practices of its journalists, and the editorial content of newspapers. This paper analyses the newspapers in Botswana. It begins with a general overview of Botswana and maps the newspaper landscape in the country. It then sets out some of the key characteristics of the press in Botswana by answering three research questions. (i) What are the characteristics of the editorial content in Botswana newspapers? (ii) How does the state-controlled Daily News impact on the newspaper market generally? (iii) What are the capacities of journalists in Botswana and where might there be areas for improvement?
The paper utilizes a content analysis of the editorials of the country's newspapers identifying the main news agendas and also the sources of information that journalists rely on for their reports.
It concludes that the Daily News distorts the newspaper market and undermines the private press; that there is a diverse private press, but that all newspapers rely on powerful voices for their editorial content to the exclusion of ordinary people; and that while there are many attributes of the press to admire, there is a need for the capabilities of journalists to be improved.
Source: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 23 –42 (2012)More Less
The pattern of reporting the January 11, 2006 incident of the kidnapping of four expatriate oil workers from the EA Oil Field in Delta State provides a window into the nature of media coverage of the escalating crisis in the Niger Delta region. This study shows that conflict reporting in the Nigerian press is 'episodic', featuring such conflict behaviours as the bombing of drilling platforms and oil pipelines, killing and maiming of oil workers and state security operatives, and kidnapping and hostage taking, which are the focus of this study. Framing of these conflict behaviours is influenced by ethno-political factors, foreign policy implications, and the height of drama of the situation. Drawing data from three national daily newspapers - The Punch, the Daily Champion and the New Nigerian - this work shows that the reporting by The Punch and the Daily Champion indicated 'support framing' of the Niger Delta, while the New Nigerian showed 'distance framing'. The press, however, needs to reverse the practice of 'describing' conflict situations through straight news stories and to focus on more analysis-based features and editorials that 'prescribe' solutions.
Author I.S. PopoolaSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 43 –66 (2012)More Less
This paper is a political communication discourse on terrorism with specific reference to the emergence of the Boko Haram religious sect in Nigeria and the dangers it poses to press freedom in the country.
In spite of the provisions in Article 22 of the Nigerian 1999 constitution which provide for objective, truthful and comprehensive coverage of newsworthy activities in Nigeria, the activities of the Boko Haram sect have emerged as the greatest threat to press freedom in the country.
The article in question states that "the press, radio, television and other agencies of the mass media shall at all times be free to uphold the fundamental objectives contained in this chapter and uphold the responsibility and accountability of the government to the people."
The killing of some journalists by the sect has, however, intimidated Nigerian journalists, who now tread cautiously to avoid being eliminated by the sect.
After an elaborate treatment of press and terrorism in colonial and post-colonial Nigeria, the paper recommends a thorough overhauling of all the security agencies in the country to prevent a return of Thomas Hobbes' state of nature in Nigeria.
Author Lianne Van LeeuwenSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 67 –92 (2012)More Less
Since the implementation of the 2008 Protection of the Information Bill and the 2010 proposed Media Appeals Tribunal, it is often argued that these two developments may affect the country's press freedom problematically. The research question of this paper is: how has press freedom in South Africa developed since 1994?
Firstly, two discourse analyses of presidential public speeches that refer to press freedom were carried out in order to gain an understanding of presidential discourse. Secondly, two content analyses of the Mail & Guardian were conducted where the articles that refer to press freedom were analysed to examine the way in which they cover this issue. The time periods for the content analyses match those of the discourse analyses so that the results of the comparisons can be compared safely. The content analyses show that journalistic rhetoric has changed while the political rhetoric seems to have remained the same.
As an alternative to the Media Appeals Tribunal, the author suggests the appointment of an independent regulatory body which will be able to solve issues between the two opposing discourses in an easy and fair manner, and the media can maintain its function as the 'fourth estate' while political figures can object to defamation.
Author Aletta H. Janse van RensburgSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 93 –117 (2012)More Less
For the first time since democracy in the classical Greek sense became practically impossible, the Internet's networking possibilities are creating opportunities for all citizens to be active engaging participants in democracy. Open communication channels to government and fellow citizens can now be a reality that allows people at all levels of society to form part of a vibrant public sphere by exchanging ideas, sharing experiences, spreading ideologies and news, and comparing agendas. For African countries dealing with unique and increasingly complicated political and socio-economic issues, the Internet provides a platform from which citizens can now address these issues themselves and, in doing so, contribute to a public sphere that strengthens the democratic fibre of their countries.
This research posits that the Internet has significant potential to stimulate democratic culture through public discourse and citizen participation. The focus of this study is on finding evidence-based information about the current influence of information and communication technology (ICT) usage in South Africa, Kenya and Zambia as representatives of sub-Saharan Africa, and with specific focus on Internet usage through computers and mobile phones. The research also investigates the capacity and opportunity citizens have to successfully integrate ICTs into the accomplishment of self and mutually identified political goals in order to strengthen a broader democratic culture.
Author Ruchelle BarkerSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 118 –122 (2012)More Less
Journalism professor Lizette Rabe of Stellenbosch University takes on the big challenge of documenting the life of the 'legendary' Afrikaans female journalist Rykie Van Reenen. In her book, Rabe argues that despite Van Reenen's private nature, it is necessary to appreciate the journalistic contributions of this ground-breaking female South African journalist and renowned Afrikaans writer of the second half of the twentieth century. The book reminds us of the patriarchal oppression South African women experienced and how Van Reenen overcame male dominance, especially in the field of journalism.