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- Volume 6, Issue 2, 2012
Global Media Journal - African Edition - Volume 6, Issue 2, 2012
Volume 6, Issue 2, 2012
Author Ibrahim SalehSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp i –v (2012)More Less
This issue of the Global Media Journal, African Edition, marks two main steps forward. The first is the cooperation between the University of Cape Town and the University of Stellenbosch with a view to improving research culture in Africa and providing new research opportunities for African scholars. The second is taking the Global Media Journal, African Edition, to a more professional and academic level by providing blind peer review of the different contributions of scholars with the aim of securing quality and fairness. Research on journalism and media governance in Africa still suffers from a lack of adequate and comprehensive investigation as a result of the flagrant gap between the rhetoric of liberty and the double-standard policies which debilitate the will for profound social change.
Source: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 123 –147 (2012)More Less
This article documents more than ten years' experience of community radio (CR) broadcasting in Ghana and the problems and the challenges community radio has encountered in attempts to apply the key principles and concepts underlying participatory radio broadcasting. Through a description of some main socio-cultural and political change episodes, the article clearly demonstrates how community radio can positively impact the quality of life of people. The study notes that attempts at creating truly democratic community radio stations can be fully realized by ensuring that the fundamental principles, which underpin the operation and democratic management of community radio stations, are actually implemented to benefit community members.
Media and governance in Nigeria : a critique of selected radio and TV programmes during the electionsAuthor Tayo PopoolaSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 148 –171 (2012)More Less
This study is carried out through the case study method which uses multiple sources of evidence to investigate post-election violence in Nigeria's second republic. The main thesis of the study is anchored on the contention of Gana (2000) that the media in a democracy should "promote the culture of peace, development, people's participation, positive virtues as well as promoting a stable polity" (p. 11). Across centuries, normative theories of politics have been anchored on an assumption that modern representative democracies thrive in an information environment in which the citizens learn and consequently carry out certain obligations. According to Carpini (2004), "the citizens learn about pressing issues of the day, follow the actions of elected and government officials, and communicate their views to these officials" (p. 395). However, theories of direct democracy have established a scenario of richer communication environment that helps provide citizens with motivation, ability and opportunity to participate in on-going political activities through diverse ways. According to North (1967), "politics could not exist without communication, nor could wars be fought" (p. 301). The reason behind this assertion was provided by Deutsch (1963) who stresses that "it is communication, that is, the ability to transmit messages and react to them that makes organization" (p. 77). Isaak (1981) equally makes a similar assertion. He points out that "it is through communication that a political system relates to and copes with its environment" (p. 292). The study is a critique of selected political programmes of radio stations and TV in Nigeria during the elections. This is a period when politically articulate citizens are eager and, in some cases, anxious to know the latest about the on-going elections. Due to the sensitive nature of politics, it is expected that every piece of information that is aired is thoroughly investigated and authenticated to guard against any thing that could induce violence. When this is not done, violence will surely occur. Through a qualitative research method with emphasis on a case study, the study arrived at the conclusion that the post-election violence which erupted in the Old Ondo state was due to non-adherence to the broadcasting code, partisanship and the unprofessional conduct of media men.
Author C. S. H. N. MurthySource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 172 –215 (2012)More Less
The paper discusses various dimensions of a complex situation arising out of the conflict between the media and the state, and the raging conflict between the general perception of democracy and the Eritrean government's perception of it. This is within the context of a fast developing global village of which all African states will be members one day. Eritrea, though liberated in 1991 from Ethiopian rule, shares many characteristics of other dictatorial regimes in the neighboring countries. The state-run electronic and print media, centralized economy, lack of a parliamentary election process, independent judiciary, and suppression of fundamental rights, especially the freedom of expression, mark the dictatorial character of the regime in Eritrea in contrast to the accepted conventions of democracy in the West. The Eritrean government promotes a democratic model in which democratization is sought through education. Achieving democratization is limited to holding regular elections to local bodies at grass-root level. By the Government's not holding elections to its Parliament, the present policies of governance have not only turned deviant from its own once highly avowed and publicized macro-policy and the Constitution, but also have become vulnerable to mounting criticism. The present study, supported by a survey of the opinion of a random sample of people via mobile as well as Internet channels by means of open-ended questions, offers a snapshot of the growing desire of the people for full implementation of the Constitution, a liberalized economy and the free media, which their counterparts enjoy in many European countries.
Source: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 216 –230 (2012)More Less
The focus of this paper is to discuss the use of instructional media in teaching and learning from a Nigerian perspective. The problem with the use of instructional media has existed since the 1970s after the oil boom era. As soon as corruption and mismanagement of the oil resources became more serious, all other sectors including education were no longer properly funded or given the needed attention for national development. As a result, most lecturers and teachers in many Nigerian tertiary institutions now use the lecture method only in teaching their various courses. The use of this type of method as the sole teaching technique can lead to boredom in learners, lack of learner participation, noise factors that can cause communication breakdown during teaching, learners' mixing up of information, and lack of interest in or attention to the subject matter being taught. Some sources where lecturers can select instructional media for teaching their courses are identified and discussed. It is recommended that the Nigerian government should urgently assist teachers, especially at the tertiary level, in the procurement and use of instructional media through training and retraining, workshops, conferences, etc. in order to fit into the new scientific order of addressing the nation's educational problems.
Author Klaus KotzeSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 231 –262 (2012)More Less
The contemporary South African press presents an antagonistic depiction of the actions of Julius Malema, the expelled (pending appeal) president of the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL). This depiction embodies the oppositional political force the press exhibits in its representation of the near hegemonic political power of the ANC. In its assumed capacity of socio-political watchdog the press propagates influential depictions of the political elite, depicting selected individuals in antipathetic terms. These representations, which if assumed only as objective portrayals, neglect the intended opposition that the press acts in as 'fourth estate.' This study canvasses the aversive manner in which Julius Malema is pictured in the South African press through conducting a content analysis of two South African daily newspapers, The Cape Times and The Sowetan. The study analyses five intensely media-covered events in which Malema was central. Though the depiction of Malema does not present intrinsic malevolence, his actions are presented as antagonistic through predominantly episodic and emotive framing. His explicitly insolent diction is used as fodder to engage resistance. Such reporting signifies irresponsibility where, within a decontextualised framework, selective sound-bite journalism manipulates readers, accordingly shaping content from truncated snippets that are patched together within a prevailing media logic.
Introducing intercultural communication, global cultures and contexts, by Shuang Liu, Zala Volcic and Cindy Gallois : book reviewAuthor Richard RooneySource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 6, pp 263 –266 (2012)More Less
The authors introduced a textbook that is useful for introductory classes in intercultural communication. Liu et al. (all from the University of Queensland, Australia) (2011) say their main impetus for writing this book was to situate "intercultural communication in a broader context that will help to bridge the gap left by existing textbooks and will have a wider application beyond the US context" (p. 6). Sadly, the range of the book is limited, offering insights into and explanations about culture in North America, Europe, Asia and Oceanic countries but ignoring Africa and South America.